He then offered the Arabs the religion of Islam, which is monotheistic. Islam means, surrender to Allah in Arabic. The followers of Islam are called Muslims, which means those who submit to Gods will.
The Islam religion has a holy book called the Koran. The Muslims believe it contains the word of God as it was revealed to Mohammed. They believe that the Koran should not be changed or questioned even translations from Arabic. They believe God is all-powerful, merciful, and just. The have no priests, because they believe they can communicate directly with God. They believe Mohammed was the last and greatest of the prophets, and do not believe Jesus and the Hebrew prophets are messengers of God.
They also do not worship Mohammed as a God. All Muslims have five religious duties Five Pillars of Islam: They must accept and repeat: There is no God but Allah, and Mohammed is his prophet statement of faith. They must face the holy city of Mecca and pray at least 5 times a day.
They have the duty to be generous to the poor. They must fast during Ramadan the ninth month in the Muslim calendar. They must make one pilgrimage to the holy city of Mecca, unless they are not physically and not financially able. Mohammed left Mecca and moved to Medina. The move is now known as the Hegira which means the breaking of former ties. Mecca surrendered to the Muslims. Mohammed died 2 years later in A. Mohammeds friend Abu Bakr became leader after he died.
The Muslims have many major cultural achievements. They converted people other than Christians and Jewish to the Islam religion, and introduced Arabian horses, new foods, and the Arabic language to Western Europe.
They influenced other cultures by their achievements, also. Paganism or heathenism of a crude and inartistic type without any ritual, pomp, mythology or philosophical speculation was rampant. Then, there were colonies of Christians in parts of Arabia. Jewish and Zoroastrian communities were also to be found. In most cases, the outward form of each faith was preserved, but people had forgotten the true principles of their religion.
People had lost contact with spirituality. These hanifs were monotheistic in their attitude. It was at such a time that the Prophet preached his message. His faith had appeal because it had a socialistic and democratic flavour.
It divided the estate of a person after his death in a fair manner, and compulsorily distributed it among his nearest relations, male and female.
It preached equality among human beings and the brotherhood of man. In Islam, laws are intermixed with religion. It would, therefore, be relevent first to understand and appreciate the true spirit of Islam.
First of all, the Prophet himself never claimed that Islam was a new religion. He asserted that it was as old as the hills. In Quranic theory, Islam is a religion which has existed since the beginning of the world, and will exist till the day of Resurrection. Muhammad claimed that he was merely a man, a human being, like the other prophets, and was liable to err in human affairs, but was divinely guided and inspired in matters of religion.
Secondly, there is the principle of Tawhid or the unity of God.
The Islam Religion - In this day and age, the Islam religion expands over the majority of Northern Africa, and the Middle East. It has a strong influence in these areas, and a number of different Islam groups and denominations are in these areas.
Islam: A Religion and Culture Islam is one of the oldest religions in history dating back to about AD. It began when a man named Muhammad heard a voice from the heavens instructing him to proclaim the word of god. Currently there are over million followers of the Muslim religion.
Islam is not only a religion but also a civilization since it is represented by over one billion Muslims and over 50 Muslim states. Emerging as a civilization influenced by religious beliefs and practices, Islam influenced different groups of people in diverse stages of history and in different countries. Muslim Religion Essay Examples. 12 total results. An Analysis of the Influence of the Muslim Religion in Turkey. words. 1 page. A Study on the Religion of Islam. words. 1 page. Islam Is More than a Religion. 1, words. 3 pages. A Description of How Modern Society thinks About Islam. words.
- Muhammad and The Foundation of Islam Works Cited Not Included As a religion, Islam is based on the teachings of Muhammad, embodying a sound belief in one God (Allah). Islam is an Arabic word meaning submission, surrender, and obedience (Maududi, 1). Essay title: Islamic Religion - Cultural Religious Aspects IslamвЂ™s Cultural Religious Aspects Religion is a diverse aspect of life that has influenced the way a society and culture functions/5(1).