The primacy of the reasonable justice is, according to Socrates, crucial in determination of what is right against willful or arbitrary authority. The philosopher suggests looking for the truth as the crucial and determinant element of justice because to make justice means to find the truth. Otherwise, any decision would be unjust. At this point, it is possible to refer to his argument with Euthyphro concerning piety. Piety is a concept that implies the obedience to divine norms and rules and respect of gods.
Therefore, he believes his actions are pious, i. In response, Socrates questions and doubts in stories concerning gods. In such a way, Socrates challenges the essence of the argument of his opponent. Moreover, he steadily refers to examples concerning stories related to gods, which he believes to be inconsistent and incredible, whereas Euthyphro draws more and more examples of stories concerning gods, which he believes prove his position as being inspired by gods.
Thus, Socrates uncovers that the concept of piety offered by his opponent is incorrect. In other words, the distinct feature of the reasonable method in search of justice is its objectivity and reliance on facts that are processed and analyzed by a reasonable mind. In fact, Socrates insisted that people should look for the true value of their life that was possible only with the help of careful examination and reasonable research of human life, its purposes and value.
Socrates stressed the importance of happiness, self achievement and fulfilling goals without hurting yourself or others. A person, who cannot find inner happiness or gain value, is living a life that is not worth living.
In such a way, the life became purposeful and fruitful. Plato and Socrates - Essay It seems to be a constant discussion in the writings of Plato that Socrates does not fear death.
As Socrates is pondering death to his peers after being condemned he says, "What would not a man give if he might converse with Orpheus and Musaeus and Hesiod and Homer? Nay, if this be true, let me die and die again" He does not have any fear at all concerning death. However, could he be pleased about his execution? To me it seems that the reason that Socrates has no fear of death is because he is trying to die unjustly, thus insuring that his name will live on. In the Crito dialogue, some of Socrates' friends are attempting to free him from prison.
They are trying to bribe the guards to turn their heads until they sneak him out of his cell. However, Socrates will not escape. Crito says, "The public will never believe that we were anxious to save you but you wouldn't escape" Socrates mentions that it would be an injustice if he were to try to escape, even though he believes that he has been sentenced to death unfairly. He simply sits in his cell and awaits his death. Socrates is looking for martyrdom through his own wrongful death.
Socrates, being a man of exceptional wisdom, understands what happens to men who are killed unjustly - especially when it is a man in a leadership position. They are raised to the level of a martyr. Immediately following his sentencing, Socrates says, "Not much time will be gained," Athenians, in return for the evil name which you will get from the detractors of the city, who will say that you killed Socrates, a wise man; for they will call me wise, even though I am not wise, when they want to reproach you" Socrates realizes that he is held in a very high regard by some of the more prestigious members of Athens.
He also knows that by dying an unjust death, his name will be remembered for all times. Socrates states, "And I prophesy to you who are my murderers, that immediately after my departure punishment far heavier than you have inflicted on me will surely await you" Only by insisting on his own death could he insure his own immortality.
One could say that Socrates really wasn't seeking death, but just playing in his Socratic tone of sarcasm. After all, he does end up attempting to buy his freedom from his accusers with 30 minae. Knowing that Socrates and his friends could come up with a possible amount of money to save him, it is conceivable that he was trying to save himself. Socrates definitely has his own way of dealing with everyday problems that differs from the majority of us. Maybe he was simply toying with everyone around him.
However, if he was really trying to save himself, why didn't he suggest to pay a fine in the first place? After being convicted wrongly and awaiting sentencing, Socrates suggests that his punishment should be served in the Prytaneum. He means that he should be served lunch for free for the rest of his life.
Of course Socrates' sarcasm pours through these words like a waterfall, but, when faced with death, defining your own punishment should be something that would not upset the people who have the control over your life. Socrates is not even trying to save himself. He is merely making a mockery of the system. He is not fighting in anyway to prolong his death.
Socrates is revered for his shifting of Greek philosophical thought from the contemplation of the nature of the universe, which occupied the philosophers before him, to the examination of human.
Free Essay: Socrates was perhaps the most interesting and influential thinker in the fifth century. He was dedicated to careful reasoning and he wanted.
Socrates (philosophy) essays Socrates was a great philosopher who had an incredible impact on philosophers of his time and even philosophers today. He lived in Athens from B.C.E to B.C.E during the Periclean Age. He taught his philosophy of life on the streets to anyone who cared to liste. - The Trial of Socrates The trial of Socrates is an excellent source of events during the period in which Socrates lived and died. Athens was a democratic city with much pride in their freedom. Especially their freedom of speech.
Socrates’ apology is the critique of the political life of the Athenian state. The philosopher was very skeptical about the vulnerability of political decisions and policies conducted by Athens. In fact, Socrates defends himself from accusations of the neglect and offense of . Wisdom of Socrates Essay - Socrates was a man that was in search of the truth about wisdom. However, it became more than just a simple search, rather it tuned into a complex assignment where the answer of true wisdom leads Socrates to be brought up on charges of corrupting society.