Whilst the results are always open to question and to different interpretations, there is no doubt that they are preferable to performing no research at all. Check out our quiz-page with tests about:. Martyn Shuttleworth Sep 26, Retrieved Sep 10, from Explorable. The text in this article is licensed under the Creative Commons-License Attribution 4. You can use it freely with some kind of link , and we're also okay with people reprinting in publications like books, blogs, newsletters, course-material, papers, wikipedia and presentations with clear attribution.
Case Study Research Design. Want the full version to study at home, take to school or just scribble on? Whether you are an academic novice, or you simply want to brush up your skills, this book will take your academic writing skills to the next level.
Don't have time for it all now? No problem, save it as a course and come back to it later. Share this page on your website: This article is a part of the guide: Select from one of the other courses available: The description often illuminates knowledge that we might not otherwise notice or even encounter.
Several important scientific discoveries as well as anthropological information about events outside of our common experiences have resulted from making such descriptions. For example, astronomers use their telescopes to develop descriptions of different parts of the universe, anthropologists describe life events of socially atypical situations or cultures uniquely different from our own, and educational researchers describe activities within classrooms concerning the implementation of technology.
This process sometimes results in the discovery of stars and stellar events, new knowledge about value systems or practices of other cultures, or even the reality of classroom life as new technologies are implemented within schools. Educational researchers might use observational, survey, and interview techniques to collect data about group dynamics during computer-based activities. These data could then be used to recommend specific strategies for implementing computers or improving teaching strategies.
Two excellent studies concerning the role of collaborative groups were conducted by Webb , and Rysavy and Sales Noreen Webb's landmark study used descriptive research techniques to investigate collaborative groups as they worked within classrooms. Rysavy and Sales also apply a descriptive approach to study the role of group collaboration for working at computers.
The Rysavy and Sales approach did not observe students in classrooms, but reported certain common findings that emerged through a literature search. Descriptive studies have an important role in educational research. They have greatly increased our knowledge about what happens in schools. Some of the important books in education have reported studies of this type: A Spectrum of Learning, by D. Moore and Dwyer; Computers in Education: Becker's series of survey reports concerning the implementation of computers into schools across the United States as well as Nancy Nelson Knupfer's reports about teacher's opinions and patterns of computer usage also fit partially within the realm of descriptive research.
Both studies describe categories of data and use statistical analysis to examine correlations between specific variables. Both also go beyond the bounds of descriptive research and conduct further statistical procedures appropriate to their research questions, thus enabling them to make further recommendations about implementing computing technology in ways to support grassroots change and equitable practices within the schools.
Finally, Knupfer's study extended the analysis and conclusions in order to yield suggestions for instructional designers involved with educational computing. Researchers may work for many years to perfect such instrumentation so that the resulting measurement will be accurate, reliable, and generalizable.
Instruments such as the electron microscope, standardized tests for various purposes, the United States census, Michael Simonson's questionnaires about computer usage, and scores of thoroughly validated questionnaires are examples of some instruments that yield valuable descriptive data.
Once the instruments are developed, they can be used to describe phenomena of interest to the researchers. The intent of some descriptive research is to produce statistical information about aspects of education that interests policy makers and educators. The National Center for Education Statistics specializes in this kind of research. Many of its findings are published in an annual volume. The center also administers the National Assessment of Educational Progress NAEP , which collects descriptive information about how well the nation's youth are doing in various subject areas.
A typical NAEP publication is The Reading Report Card, which provides descriptive information about the reading achievement of junior high and high school students during the past 2 decades. Within the United States, huge amounts of information are being gathered continuously by the Office of Technology Assessment, which influences policy concerning technology in education.
As a way of offering guidance about the potential of technologies for distance education, that office has published a book called Linking for Learning: A New Course for Education, which offers descriptions of distance education and its potential. There has been an ongoing debate among researchers about the value of quantitative see Why do you do research? To develop something new. Also research, allows you to gain appreciation for the practical applications of knowledge that you learn.
It's also an excellent preparation tool for college and the workplace. In the workplace is usually where they're looking for outstanding students, who can identify, solve problems in teams.
Also when you do this research you will usually will use the scientific method. Another good reason is that it helps you latter in life as well.
What is descriptive method research? Descriptive method research as involving collection of data in order to test hypothesis or to answer questions concerning the current status of the subject of the study. What is the difference between descriptive and exploratory research? Both of the these studies are non-experimental or "observational studies. In other words, you aren't manipulating any of the variables, you are simply "observing" them. In descriptive studies , the researcher attempts to " describe " a group of individuals to document characteristics.
This may be by the use of questionnaires, interviews, or direct observations. Looking at individuals with a disease to see if they WERE exposed begin research after diagnosis Prospective cohort: Seeing if exposure WILL cause disease begin research after exposure, but before diagnosis Retrospective cohort: See if exposure DID cause disease begin research after diagnosis Reference: Foundations of Clinical Research: Applications to Practice 3rd ed. Description of viruses and its description?
There are a number of different viruses with different descriptionsin the world. Some cause very deadly diseases even though they arenot living. Characteristics of descriptive research?
Descriptive research is used to describe characteristics of apopulation or phenomenon being studied. It does not answerquestions about how, when, or why the characteristics occurred. Descriptive research is mainly done when a researcher wants to gain a better understanding of a specific topic. The details of the facts won't be known. The existing phenomena's facts are not known to the persons. How do you define descriptive research design? Descriptive research design is simply used to describe a situation and its data characteristics.
It is used to learn about the frequency, percentages etc. However it never answers questions like what, where, how etc What are the goals of descriptive research? Descriptive research is also called statistical research. The maingoal is to describe the data and characteristics about what isbeing studied. There are many examples of descriptive research. One way to easilyshow an example of descriptive research is to show how the periodictable categorizes the elements. What is descriptive research meaning?
Descriptive research is mainly done when a researcher wants to gain a better understanding of a topic for example, a frozen ready meals company learns that there is a growing demand for fresh ready meals but doesnt know much about the area of fresh food and so has to carry out research in order to gain a better understanding.
The existing phenomenas facts are not known to the persons. What are the different types of descriptive research? Examples of this are Surveys questionnaires, Delphi method, interviews, normative.
Im only in psychology 1 but this is my most educated guess. What is the difference between descriptive research and experimental research? Descriptive research does not explain cause-effect. However, as with experimental research, descriptive research may be used to study animal behaviour. The purpose of research is to create new knowledge. According to the information given the research methodology books research can be to- 1.
Get a degree in rsearch. What is the difference between descriptive research and correlational research? Descriptive research usually involves that the data collected are described by parameters like their central tendency mode, median, mean and their dispersion range, interquartile range, standard deviation.
Once there is more than one variable to describe one can go a step further in the research process and calculate the relationship between them.
Zero 0 would indicate no relationship between variables e. It is rare for a correlation to be as strong as 1, most correlations range between. Example for descriptive research? Ethnography has its roots in anthropology and was a popular form of inquiry at the turn of the century when anthropologists travelled the world in search of remote tribes.
The emphasis in ethnography is on describing and interpreting cultural behaviour. Ethnographers immerse themselves in the lives and culture of the group being studied, often living with that group for months on end. These researchers participate in a groups' activities whilst observing its behaviour, taking notes, conducting interviews, analysing, reflecting and writing reports - this may be called fieldwork or participant observation.
Ethnographers highlight the importance of the written text because this is how they portray the culture they are studying.. There is some argument about whether feminist inquiry should be considered a methodology or epistemology, but in my opinion it can be both.
As we have seen, methodology is the philosophy or the general principle which will guide your research. Epistemology, on the other hand, is the study of the nature of knowledge and justification. It looks at from where knowledge has come and how we know what we know. Feminist researchers argue that for too long the lives and experiences of women have been ignored or misrepresented.
Often, in the past, research was conducted on male 'subjects' and the results generalised to the whole population. Feminist researchers critique both the research topics and the methods used; especially those which emphasise objective, scientific 'truth'. With its emphasis on participative, qualitative inquiry, feminist research has provided a valuable alternative framework for researchers who have felt uncomfortable with treating people as research 'objects'..
Grounded theory is a methodology which was first laid out in by two researchers named Glaser and Strauss. It tends to be a popular form of inquiry in the areas of education and health research. The emphasis in this methodology is on the generation of theory which is grounded in the data - this means that it has emerged from the data.
This is different from other types of research which might seek to test a hypothesis that has been formulated by the researcher. In grounded theory, methods such as focus groups and interviews tend to be the preferred data collection method, along with a comprehensive literature review which takes place throughout the data collection process.
Descriptive research methods are pretty much as they sound -- they One of the goals of science is description (other goals include prediction and explanation). They do not make accurate predictions, and they do not determine cause and effect.
Descriptive research is a study designed to depict the participants in an accurate way. More simply put, descriptive research is all about describing people who take part in the study. More simply put, descriptive research is all .
Sep 08, · Descriptive research is also called Statistical Research. The main goal of this type of research is to describe the data and characteristics about what is being studied. The idea behind this type of research is to study frequencies, averages, and other statistical calculations. Some examples of descriptive research include case studies and preliminary observation of a group. Case studies are examples of a relevant event that can be analyzed to learn about a specific group or topic. Observation is an essential part of descriptive research, and is the main way of gathering.
Descriptive research can be explained as a statement of affairs as they are at present with the researcher having no control over variable. Moreover, “descriptive studies may be characterised as simply the attempt to determine, describe or identify what is, while analytical research attempts to establish why it is that way or how it came to be” . The term descriptive research refers to the type of research question, design, and data analysis that will be applied to a given topic. Descriptive statistics tell what is, while inferential statistics try to determine cause and effect.