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❶Text can be retrieved here: Feldman's explanation is that most of the Academy members preferred Victorian literature and thus selected a Victorian poet.

The foundation of such a method is love. The tortuous road which has led from Montgomery, Alabama to Oslo bears witness to this truth. This is a road over which millions of Negroes are traveling to find a new sense of dignity… [so] I accept this aware today with an abiding faith in America and an audacious faith in the future of mankind.

I refuse to accept despair as the final response to the ambiguities of history…I refuse to accept the cynical notion that nation after nation must spiral down a militaristic stairway into the hell of thermonuclear destruction" King, On the subject of war, King received quite a bit of criticism when he came out against the war in Vietnam.

On April 4, , exactly one year…… [Read More]. Double Helix the Book the. He smiled and nodded his head when I first explained that to him. One day when atson was doing his research in Copenhagen working on his DNA discoveries, he received some journal articles that I had written, that were sent over from the U.

He later told me when we met in London that he did not understand everything I was saying in the language of lab chemistry, but that he liked some of my interesting sentences.

He said that when he writes his book to tell the world how he discovered the DNA secrets, he would write it in a way that would be fun to read even for a person not up to speed in deep math and chemistry. During our meeting at a coffee house in London, atson and I were joined by atson's sister Elizabeth. Thomas Hunt Morgan Was an. In , Morgan publicly disagreed with the prevailing notion in embryology, that a fully-formed adult was already locked inside the ova or sperm cell.

Rather, Morgan argued that there was no single chromosome that guaranteed the heredity of specific traits Shine and robel Drosophila In , Morgan accepted the first professorship in experimental zoology at Columbia University.

He moved his family to New York and began to work in genetics, fueled by his interest in the gaps in the work of Darwin and Mendel. During this time, scientist Hugo De Vries, a geneticist, revisited the work of Mendel and again proposed that new species were created as a result of mutations.

Morgan then set out to prove De Vries' theory, using his now-famous Drosophila experiment. Morgan used X-rays to mutate samples of Drosophila and cross-bred the mutants to regular samples. In , Morgan found a male fly with white…… [Read More]. Social Enterprise What Is Meant by the. Social Enterprise What is meant by the term 'social enterprise' and what do social enterprises contribute to society and the economies in which they operate?

The acceleration with which the world is changing day by day is continuous. A majority of organizations that have a motto of 'not-for-profit' are looking out for prospects with the help of which they can begin or widen their projects in order to get their missions fulfilled and offer the needy the earned profits. Thus, any organization or scheme that brings about the mentioned twofold objectives is considered a social enterprise. In other words, a business is regarded as a social enterprise when the main objective is to cope up with the prevailing societal problems and…… [Read More].

Poetry and Nationalism Rabindranath Tagore. Rabindranath Tagore When we consider the career of Rabindranath Tagore as a "nationalist leader," it is slightly hard to find comparable figures elsewhere in world-history.

Outside of India, Tagore is most famous as a poet: Perhaps the closest contemporary analogue to Tagore would be the Irish poet and "nationalist leader" W.. Yeats, who would win the Nobel Prize for Literature ten years after Tagore. Ironically enough, it was Yeats who introduced Tagore to Europe, quite literally -- the English translation of Gitanjali had an introduction by Yeats recommending Tagore in the highest possible terms to European readers.

And Yeats was a "nationalist leader" in the same way as Tagore: Yeats, after all, believed that his own poetry and drama in favor of Irish independence had inspired the Irish "Easter Rebellion" against the ritish Empire, and…… [Read More]. Individuals have different types and combinations of these molecules" Blood group, , Nobel Prize.

The ABO and h classifications of blood type are the most important systems of differentiation from a medial perspective. The mismatching of these types can cause the immune system to attack the cells in a hostile fashion during a transfusion. The clumped red cells can crack and cause toxic reactions.

This can have fatal consequences" Blood group, , Nobel Prize. The specific combination of these four components determines an individual's type O'Neil International Marketing Country Study.

International Marketing -- South Korea Country Study The primordial question at the basis of this study revolves around the attractiveness of South Korea to American investors. Otherwise put, is this country able to determine the American investor to launch business operations in this global part? In order to answer the posed question, a series of analyses will be conducted.

Some of these will refer to the general context, whilst others will detail specific issues. South Korea is characterized by a tormented historic past, which explains well the differences emerged between the two regions of the Korean Peninsula. The total population of the country exceeds 48 million, and their life expectancy at birth is of almost 79 years. The interactions with the South Koreans are generally formal and follow protocols,…… [Read More]. He is known for his discovery of a method of growing cells outside of the body.

In his famous experiment carried out in he placed a piece of a frog's embryonic nerve tissue into a drop of frog lymphatic fluid, and saw that the nerve tissue did not die, but rather continued to grow.

Ross Granville Harrison The method that Harrison developed from this experiment was to form the foundation of the tissue culture technique used in modern medicine and in medical research. This technique has become an extremely important part of contemporary medical research as it allows for "…the study of isolated living cells in a controlled environment. Oppression Community Action Against Racial.

Freire's discussion of the oppressive activities that discriminate students is similar to the racial discrimination experienced by the black Americans. Thus, even though Freire, Malcolm X, and King talked about various strategies, they ultimately aim to deter the effects and eliminate completely the occurrence of oppression in the society. Reflecting on the significant contributions of each individual to the progress of the civil rights movement and educational reform in the history of American society, it is evident that there cannot be one superior or best strategy that must be adopted to eliminate or deter oppression.

What these readings and analyses of the works of Malcolm X, King, and Freire say about social change is that history provides us with various ways or perspectives to find a solution to a problem; each insight is helpful to the improvement of social changes in society.

Freire's critical analysis of the educational system is…… [Read More]. Henry Thomas Buckle's Original As activists in women's liberation, discussing and analyzing the oppression and inequalities they experienced as women, they felt it imperative to find out about the lives of their foremothers -- and found very little scholarship in print" Women's history, , para. This dearth of scholarly is due in large part to the events and themes that are the focus of the historical record.

In this regard, "History was written mainly by men and about men's activities in the public sphere -- war, politics, diplomacy and administration. Women are usually excluded and, when mentioned, are usually portrayed in sex-stereotypical roles, such as wives, mothers, daughters and mistresses. History is value-laden in regard to what is considered historically 'worthy'" Women's history, , para. In what Kessler , p. Labor and the American Economy.

This implies that an increase in the wage of one member of the household gives rise not only to changed incentives for work on the market, but also to a shift from more to less time-intensive product on and consumption of goods produced by the household. But as noted by the Nobel-prize winning 20th century University of Chicago economist Gary Becker, as real wages increase, along with the possibilities of substituting capital for labor in housework, labor is released in the household, so that it becomes more and more uneconomical to let one member of the household specialize wholly in household production for instance, child care.

As a result, some of the family's previous social and economic functions are shifted to other institutions such as firms, schools and other public agencies. This creates more jobs, but also means that more luxury jobs may become necessities, such as maids.

Gary Becker,…… [Read More]. Robert A Mundel Is a. The research also found that Mundel has one several awards including a Nobel prize in The discussion also included a synopsis of his contribution to economics. We found that Mundel has contributed greatly to economics with the theory of optimum currency areas. He has also aided in the development of several other economic theories and the currency known as the Euro. The research suggests that Mundel is extremely committed to understanding and explains economic theories and developments.

Organizing the World's Money: The Economics of Monetary Integration. Oxford University Press, Eliza Doolittle and Her Problems. Eliza Doolittle and Her Problems At the outset one has to understand that Eliza Doolittle is a character created by George Bernard Shaw, a famous English playwright and to understand her we have to start with Shaw.

He was supposed to have been part of the Protestant group that was rising in England at that time, but he did not succeed in life. He was first prematurely pensioned off from his civil servant job and then he became a grain merchant. Even in that he was not successful and that led to George Bernard Shaw being raised in an atmosphere of genteel poverty. This was felt to be more insulting by him than being poor. Yet Shaw developed well and became well versed in music, art, and literature.

This was due to the influence of…… [Read More]. Fateless Svenska Akademien informs the public in its press release from the 0th of October, , that "The Nobel Prize in Literature for is awarded to the Hungarian writer Imre Kertesz "for writing that upholds the fragile experience of the individual against the barbaric arbitrariness of history.

We know one cannot fight against Fate. It's implacable, its useless to try to change the course of things as long as there is Fate leading mankind to its way. Was it Fate that made him win the Nobel Prize so that the whole world can find out about his novel? This semi-autobiographical novel where he tells us about living as a Jewish teenager under the Holocaust was meant for the world to look back at that time of World War II, through the eyes of a 4 years old boy who is…… [Read More].

Ethical Practice the Foundations of. The foundational ideas of the limits of science and medical ethics goes back a very long way and as it has evolved over the centuries, certain laws, rules, regulations and taboos have been put in place to protect the human race from that sometimes blurred line between scientific discovery and human existence.

Medical ethics created a system, bound by the ideals of many that came before them to control this blurring and attempt to stand between sciences desire to discover and the public and individual's desire to remain safe and in control of one's own body.

A long time medical ethicist discusses the history of medical ethics as one that was founded on the principles of the ancients, but that has now become one where medical ethicists are demanding concrete answers, even laws to guide and demand decisions regarding medical ethics be enforced.

Henderson the Rain King. Saul Bellow Henderson the Rain King Saul Bellow was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in for, among other things, the ability to give values a place side by side with facts in literature, unlike realism. The import of his work was seen as creating awareness that only the right values can give human kind freedom and responsibility, necessary foundations for building of faith in the future and a desire for action. Bellow's work was also recognized for its unique mixture of philosophy, cultural analysis and deep insights into human consciousness The Nobel Foundation eb site.

Henderson the Rain King is an archetypical Bellow work bearing all the aforesaid characteristics. Henderson, the novel's principal character sets out on a journey ostensibly to Africa but primarily in search of himself.

Bellow's portrayal of the unhappy, discontented middle-aged American millionaire has been widely interpreted as a caricature of Americans in the…… [Read More]. Cuban Five Criminals or Antiterrorist. Cuban Five as Criminals The Five as Antiterrorists Whether the Cuban Five are terrorists or not has to be seen from an international perspective that is impartial and takes into consideration the viewpoints of the Cubans as well as the Americans. The question has gained particular relevance in light of the international protests that consider the Cuban Five as antiterrorists and not criminals.

You'd need a lot more than a good lawyer to be taken seriously. Treaty of Lisbon Is the. Six weeks later the Czech Republic became the 27th and final nation to sign the Treaty. On December 2, the Lisbon Treaty went into full effect one month prior to the date originally projected. When she assumed her six-month presidency of the European Union in January of she was determined to effect a change in how the Union was operated.

At the European Council meeting in June of she was able to convince other EU leaders to join her in amending the treaties under which the Union operated. A prior attempt at organizing the Union under a constitution had failed and so it was believed that proceeding under the treaty procedure would be more acceptable to the other member states. The constitution concept had been rejected several other times…… [Read More]. Beautiful Mind the Film a.

He also has hallucinations about being followed by a federal agent, in keeping with his academic world where the government seeks on the one hand to employ mathematicians and scientists and on the other hand mistrusts them.

Many of the encounters he has in his mind with this agent and others have the aura of a detective movie, showing that Nash is replaying films he has seen and that these serve as the inspiration for his visions. In a way, that serves as another pattern in his mind, linking what he saw in the theater with what he believes is happening to him.

Nothing comes out of whole cloth but always comes from experience and is then reformed in a form it did not have in reality. In this way, the film shows the viewer the kind of world experienced by the schizophrenic and why this world is disorienting and…… [Read More]. Niels Bohr Niels Henrik David. Bohr's work on the structure of atoms was awarded in with the Nobel Prize. After , the activities within his Institute were increasingly focused on the constitution, transmutations, and disintegrations of atomic nuclei, and further developed an understanding of nuclear fission permitted by the "liquid droplet theory.

Problems encountered with quantum physics were clarified through contributions to the field made by Bohr. In particular, Bohr developed the "concept of complimentarily," whereby he demonstrated how the scientific outlook of the general populace has been greatly affected by changes in the field of physics, and how the scope of atomic physics reaches throughout all facets of human knowledge.

At this time,…… [Read More]. Aromatherapy in Addiction Treatment for. S ome aromas even affect us physiologically" p. Lavender incense contributes to a pleasant mood -- but it lowers volunteers' mathematical abilities. A whiff of lavender and eucalyptus increases people's respiratory rate and alertness. The scent of phenethyl alcohol a constituent of rose oil reduces blood pressure. These findings have contributed to the explosive growth in the aromatherapy industry; according to Furlow , "Aromatherapists point to scientific findings that smell can dramatically affect our moods as evidence that therapy with aromatic oils can help buyers manage their emotional lives" p.

He was a perfectionist, and an extremely stylish one at that, and he often wrote on macabre themes. The author was born in Tokyo, which is famous for its rich and varied cultural heritage, and this heritage is reflected to a great extent in all his writings. Akutagawa yunosuke style of writing has been described as being highly expressive and explicit, and this is usually in evidence when he describes sensations, like for example, he describes the touch of a butterfly's wings and said that for many years afterwards,…… [Read More].

Psychological Themes and Symbolism in. As Hemingway also states,. The old man always thought of her as feminine and as something that gave or withheld great favors, and if she did wild or wicked things it was because she could not help them. The moon affects her as it does a woman, he thought" Moreover, to Santiago, there is something magical about the sea. By contrast, the younger fishermen, those who laugh at Santiago's bad luck, think of her only pragmatically, unromantically, as a means of commerce.

Despite his persistent streak of bad luck, Santiago still tells himself to fish the best he can, out of respect to the sea, and himself. But today is eighty-five days and I should fish the day well" p. As he fishes, alone but determined, Santiago identifies with some…… [Read More]. Proteinaceous Infectious Particles" Recent cases of Mad Cow Disease have focused the public attention on prion diseases and the small proteins that are believed to cause them.

The scientific community has been slow to recognize this mechanism of disease, since prion-caused encephalopathies can demonstrate diverse symptoms, and share characteristics with other disorders, such as dementia. Prions, as the acronym Proteinaceous Infectious Particles suggests, are small proteins that are typically expressed in brain tissue, and may exist in a normal or abnormal shape. The prion protein is encoded by a gene found on the human chromosome Usually, the prion protein is translated in neural tissue, folds into its normal conformation, carries out its cellular role, and is eventually degraded by enzymes.

The abnormal prion, however, folds differently from its normal counterpart. This different shape makes it more difficult to degrade, and leads to the brain damage that is seen…… [Read More]. The event in question was the first MI exam ever performed on a human being. The procedure required almost five hours to produce one image, and the images were, by today's standards, very primitive this first MI machine now occupies a special niche in the Smithsonian ; however, its successors number if the thousands today Gould, The advent of the MI clearly represented the beginnings of a new standard in noninvasive radio imaging that continues to be refined.

This paper provides the background and history of magnetic resonance imaging, including its discovery…… [Read More]. Compare Vienna and Paris in the Decade Vienna and Paris in the Decade Vienna and Paris in the Decade Europe of -- saw the rise of several cultural meccas, including Vienna and Paris.

Vienna was a center of literary, cultural and artistic advancement in "middle" Europe, enjoying booming population and innovative developments in all those spheres, even as it endured the rising tide of anti-liberal, anti-Semitic Christian Social forces.

In keeping with this innovation, Vienna's music enjoyed avant garde developments of Art Nouveau from Paris, notably represented in Vienna by the works of composers Gustav Mahler and Arnold Schonberg. As Vienna became the literary, cultural and artistic center of "middle" Europe, Paris became the literary, cultural and artistic center of the orld. Drawing exceptionally gifted people from the entire globe, Paris boasted the first Olympics to include women and the orld's Fair of Aung San Suu Kyi.

By refusing to give up her seat to a white person and to move to the back of the bus, Parks ignited a firestorm of race-related protests that galvanized civil rights crusades of later leaders like Martin Luther King Jr. And Malcolm X In the beginning, Parks was not a civil rights leader. She was a citizen who had decided to take a stand against the social oppression that was predominant against African-American people. Like Parks, Suu Kyi did not start out as a leader of the Burmese people.

Though she had an influential father, Suu Kyi was living in England with her family prior being involved in Burma's fight against the military regime.

Psychology of Learning Summarize a. Adam Kirsch has suggested that many notable writers have missed out on the award for political or extra-literary reasons. The heavy focus on European and Swedish authors has been a subject of criticism.

Candidates can receive multiple nominations the same year. Gaston Ramon received a total of [] nominations in physiology or medicine from to , the last year with public nomination data for that award as of [update].

He died in without being awarded. These are the three most nominated scientists without awards in the data published as of [update]. The strict rule against awarding a prize to more than three people is also controversial.

For example, in , the prize was awarded to Koichi Tanaka and John Fenn for the development of mass spectrometry in protein chemistry , an award that did not recognise the achievements of Franz Hillenkamp and Michael Karas of the Institute for Physical and Theoretical Chemistry at the University of Frankfurt. All five physicists arrived at the same conclusion, albeit from different angles.

Hagen contends that an equitable solution is to either abandon the three limit restriction, or expand the time period of recognition for a given achievement to two years. Similarly, the prohibition of posthumous awards fails to recognise achievements by an individual or collaborator who dies before the prize is awarded.

The Economics Prize was not awarded to Fischer Black , who died in , when his co-author Myron Scholes received the honor in for their landmark work on option pricing along with Robert C. Merton , another pioneer in the development of valuation of stock options.

In the announcement of the award that year, the Nobel committee prominently mentioned Black's key role. Political subterfuge may also deny proper recognition. Lise Meitner and Fritz Strassmann , who co-discovered nuclear fission along with Otto Hahn , may have been denied a share of Hahn's Nobel Chemistry Award due to having fled Germany when the Nazis came to power.

Alfred Nobel left his fortune to finance annual prizes to be awarded "to those who, during the preceding year, shall have conferred the greatest benefit on mankind. Christoph Bartneck and Matthias Rauterberg, in papers published in Nature and Technoetic Arts , have argued this emphasis on discoveries has moved the Nobel Prize away from its original intention of rewarding the greatest contribution to society.

In terms of the most prestigious awards in STEM fields, only a small proportion have been awarded to women. Out of laureates in Physics, in Chemistry and in Medicine, there were only two female laureates in physics, four in chemistry and 11 in medicine between and Four people have received two Nobel Prizes.

Marie Curie received the Physics Prize in for her work on radioactivity and the Chemistry Prize in for the isolation of pure radium , [] making her the only person to be awarded a Nobel Prize in two different sciences.

Linus Pauling was awarded the Chemistry Prize for his research into the chemical bond and its application to the structure of complex substances. Pauling was also awarded the Peace Prize in for his activism against nuclear weapons, making him the only laureate of two unshared prizes. John Bardeen received the Physics Prize twice: Two organizations have received the Peace Prize multiple times.

The International Committee of the Red Cross received it three times: The Curie family has received the most prizes, with four prizes awarded to five individual laureates. Marie Curie received the prizes in Physics in and Chemistry in Her husband, Pierre Curie , shared the Physics prize with her. Although no family matches the Curie family's record, there have been several with two laureates.

Thomson was awarded the Physics Prize in for showing that electrons are particles. His son, George Paget Thomson , received the same prize in for showing that they also have the properties of waves. Raman was awarded the Physics Prize in and was the uncle of Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar , who was awarded the same prize in Being a symbol of scientific or literary achievement that is recognisable worldwide, the Nobel Prize is often depicted in fiction. This includes films like The Prize and Nobel Son about fictional Nobel laureates as well as fictionalised accounts of stories surrounding real prizes such as Nobel Chor , a film based on the unsolved theft of Rabindranath Tagore's prize.

Two laureates have voluntarily declined the Nobel Prize. In , Jean-Paul Sartre was awarded the Literature Prize but refused, stating, "A writer must refuse to allow himself to be transformed into an institution, even if it takes place in the most honourable form.

All of them were awarded their diplomas and gold medals after World War II. In , Boris Pasternak declined his prize for literature due to fear of what the Soviet Union government might do if he travelled to Stockholm to accept his prize. In return, the Swedish Academy refused his refusal, saying "this refusal, of course, in no way alters the validity of the award.

On the globe, there are Nobel laureates' reliefs made of a composite alloy obtained when disposing of military strategic missiles. This article incorporates text from a free content work.

To learn how to add open license text to Wikipedia articles, please see Wikipedia: Adding open license text to Wikipedia. For information on reusing text from Wikipedia , please see the terms of use. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

For a comprehensive list of Nobel Prize recipients, see List of Nobel laureates. For the unrelated American civil engineering prize, see Alfred Noble Prize.

Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences. Retrieved 29 March Retrieved 6 December Retrieved 25 June The New York Times. Retrieved on 10 February Retrieved 3 October Archived from the original on 27 March Retrieved 9 April Archived from the original PDF on 14 July Retrieved 21 January Retrieved 7 December Peeking at Peak Oil.

Retrieved 25 December Retrieved 15 January Archived from the original on 9 January Retrieved 3 March Retrieved 8 October Retrieved 10 February Retrieved 19 February Archived from the original on 17 November Retrieved 27 December Archived from the original PDF on 27 February Retrieved 27 February Retrieved 11 June Archived from the original PDF on 26 June Institute of Commercial Management. Archived from the original on 9 February Retrieved 16 January Archived from the original on 15 December Archived from the original on 14 October Archived from the original on 9 October Retrieved 20 January Archived from the original on 18 December Retrieved 15 December Front and back images of the medal.

Photo by Eric Arnold. Ava Helen and Linus Pauling Papers. Honors and Awards, h2. Retrieved 2 April Archived from the original on 11 January Nominations are supposed to be presented at the start of February of every award year.

Nominations which are made by Nobel committee members are submitted to the date when they hold the meeting after the deadline. The statues of the Foundation do not permit divulgence of information about investigations, nominations or considerations used toward the prize made public for a maximum 50 years after awarding of the prize.

One hundred and twenty six laureates have been awarded with the Nobel Peace Prize 94 times between and This includes 25 organizations and individuals. Note that the International Committee of the Red Cross and the Office of the UN High Commissioner for refugees have received the prize 2 times as such there are twenty two individual organizations that have been awarded the prize. Are you interested in buying an essay that will help you score high grades? This sample was written by a writer at essayhomeworkhelp.

We have expert essay writers with the ability of writing premium quality papers from scratch. Trust us with your paper and we guarantee timely delivery and affordable prices!

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Nobel Peace Prize. Nobel Peace Prize is best described as an international prize awarded by the Norwegian Nobel Committee. This is done in accordance to guidelines highlighted in Alfred Nobel’s Will. It is one among the 5 Nobel Prizes created by Alfred Nobel, a .

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the nobel prize. The Nobel Prize is the first worldwide award given yearly since This award is accepted as the most prestigious and the highest form of international recognition of intellectual achievement in the field it is given: physics, chemistry, medicine, literature and peace.3/5(2).

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The earliest is a paper presented at the Office of Naval Research Conference on Research Productivity in in which we provided data that demonstrated a key characteristic of Nobel Prize winners -- they publish five times the number of papers and their work is cited 50 times the average. After that I will discuss the Nobel Prize for Medicine, Nobel Prize for Physics, and the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. Alfred Nobel The Nobel Prize was named after a Swedish inventor and industrialist, Alfred Bernhard Nobel.

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An essay on william faulkner describe the nobel prize for literature is for the work. Won the nobel essay essay, our interest in literature essays, the. Pedersen was the birth of barack obama so earns you should go back into one that's nobel-prize so early woman to. Open Document. Below is an essay on "Nobel Peace Prize" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples/5(1).