King Charles the 2nd complete stock of weapons and ammunition was in the Royalist baggage train, which was captured by the Parliamentarian forces during the battle for Naseby. This is an important fact as King Charles the 2nd could not supply weapons or ammunition to his army and so he could not raise another army strong enough to defeat the Parliamentarians army.
Charles was imprisoned n Hampton Court, but in November he escaped and managed to raise another army and convinced the Scots to help him. Oliver Cromwell and most of the New Model Army decided to overthrow part of parliament who wanted to disband the New Model Army because they did not get their pay, that part of the parliament believed the New Model Army had too much power and they did not wanted to execute King Charles the 2nd.
In King Charles the 2nd was executed outside his Whitehall Palace. The Parliament passed a series of new laws. The monarchy, the House of Lords and the Anglican Church were abolished and the land own by them was sold and the money was us to pay the wages of the soldiers.
People were no longer fined if they did not attend the local church but they were still expected to go to some religious practice. In August , Cromwell and 12, soldiers arrived in Ireland to put down the rebellion. During the next ten years of bloodshed around one third of the Scottish population was killed or died of starvation.
More then half that were killed were Catholic and Oliver Cromwell and his 12, men killed them. The army wanted him to be king but Oliver Cromwell refused and instead took the title Lord Protector of the Commonwealth. However Oliver Cromwell had as much power as the king had. When the House of Commons opposed his policies in , he closed it down. Now Oliver Cromwell is the king of England in all but name. Oliver Cromwell imposed military rule on England. He divided England into 11 districts with each to be run by a Major General who are Just a governor of each districts.
The laws in each district are all different to each other. In some districts bear-baiting, cock-fghting, horse-racing and wrestling were banned. Betting and gambling were also forbidden. To understand whether Cromwell was a hero or a villain we cannot judge him based purely on the results of his actions, but gain a deeper understanding of the person and an insight into reasons for his actions. Some of the key actions that Oliver Cromwell took which affected the country were: He opposed King Charles I and his closure of the Parliament.
His punishment for the King was execution, as a traitor of England. Firstly, In , Oliver Cromwell made one of his most significant contributions to England. It was a highly trained army which overthrew the King during the Civil war, to bring back the parliamentary system. This was the New Model Army.
They were equipped with the latest weaponry, armor, and equipment. This army was used to end civil wars and rebellions around the country. In , Cromwell sent the New Model Army to put down the Catholic rebellion to protect the Protestant religion against the Catholic atrocities. In each of these instances, he stood up to defend the Protestant religion, and the parliamentary system.
This does not indicate greed or him being power hungry but merely trying to make the correct decision to avoid civil wars under difficult conditions, where the king and the royalists was powerful and popular and religion was extremely important to people. Oliver Cromwell also expelled sixty corrupt members of parliament. On the other hand, in , after Charles I was executed, England became a Republic. Parliament abolished the monarchy and the House of Lords. But a group of people wanted bigger changes, and challenged the control of Parliament.
They thought the levellers were a serious threat to their power. Rumours spread that the levellers, in rage, were planning to seize power.
The aim of this essay is to answer the long-awaited question about one of the most controversial personalities in England's history. Was Oliver Cromwell a hero or a villain?
Oliver Cromwell – Hero or Villain? Oliver Cromwell was born on April 25th in Huntington, England and died September 3 He was an English military and political leader and later Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland.
In a way Oliver Cromwell was a hero because under his command there were no wars. However, his appalling behaviour in Ireland was very villain like. He massacred a lot of Irish people and in most eyes this is despicable. In Ireland, Cromwell proved himself as a villain. On his order he nailed a baby to a church door. Oliver Cromwell – Hero or Villain Oliver Cromwell was born on April 25th in Huntington, England and died September 3 He was an English military and political leader and later Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland.
It would helpful to identify who is Oliver Cromwell before affirming whether he is a hero or villain. Citing some popular thoughts about Oliver Cromwell, Peter Gaunt cited, “ Contrary to the popular fancy, it becomes apparent that this Oliver was not a man of falsehood, but truths An earnest man, I apprehend, may gather from those words of Oliver. Oliver Cromwell was neither a hero nor a villain. The evidence and opinions gathered will state, how he went from good to bad, and from bad to evil. Oliver Cromwell, was a.