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Get instant access to over , papers. FULL access to essays database. If you cannot find any suitable paper on our site, which happens very rarely, you can always order custom written paper which will be written from scratch by our professional writers and deliver to you on requested time. Of Minversville School District v. This gives rise to expectations about how people must act and behave. Those who do not conform to these expectations are therefore considered "deviant. The first area concerns appearance - one's clothing, hairstyle, personal grooming.

This also extends to material possessions. In Western society, in particular, people reveal much about themselves by their choice of cars, houses and jewelry. The second area of social norms concern manners. These include how we relate to others on an interpersonal as well as a group level. Personal manner norms concern areas like proxemics, the typical distances people maintain during face-to-face interactions.

Group style norms are…… [Read More]. Adolescent Substance Use Screening Instruments: In some studies, nearly one-quarter of school-age children both smoked cigarettes and drank alcohol.

Over four thousand adolescents every day try marijuana for the first time. The dangers of use, abuse and dependency on each of these substances have been established. When we also consider that these three substances are considered gateway drugs, that is, drugs whose use is likely to lead to experimentation with "hard" drugs, the potential problem of such widespread use is even more severe.

Additionally, use of these substances is known to co-occur with a number of other psychiatric conditions as well as health issues such as the incidence of sexually-transmitted diseases, unwanted pregnancies and…… [Read More].

Education at the Crossroads Educators today are being pulled in several directions. On the one hand, they are expected to provide ever more rigorous educational standards, and to find ways to quantify and demonstrate that both good teaching and good learning have taken place.

At the same time, they feel pressured by businesses to produce students who are ready to take a productive place in the workforce. For those students who will not go on to college or vocational training, high school will be the pinnacle of their education. Do we want their education to reflect measurable, quantifiable learning only, or do intangible experiences, such as those acquired by guided work within the community, also contribute both to their education and their future employability?

Can education accomplish both goals? Are they compatible, or do they conflict with each other? There are several ways to attempt to meet the varying goals…… [Read More].

Decisions by School Superintendents Improper Attitude and. Decisions by School Superintendents Improper Attitude and Unprofessional Conduct of Teachers To educate a person in mind and not in morals is to educate a menace to society - President Theodore Roosevelt. That teaching is at one and the same time an intellectual as well as a moral endeavor, is an idea that is well entrenched in the minds of men since centuries past. The sayings of great teachers of ancient times bear ample testimony to this premise, which continues to hold sway across nations and vastly differing civilizations over the years.

In the sense that it takes care of the general well being of young students entrusted to the care of an educational institution and ensures that they are treated fairly and accorded the respect they are due as persons, teaching is most certainly a moral activity. It is concerned with building and maintaining relationships of trust with pupils…… [Read More].

Child sexual abuse, CSA, is said to occur when children experience sexual contact with an adult or an older child through coercion or deceptive manipulation at an age and stage of development at which the child does not posses sufficient maturity to understand the nature of the acts and therefore is not able to provide informed consent.

Physical force is often not necessary due to the fact that the perpetrator is likely someone with whom the child has a trusting relationship and who is in a position of authority over the child Arcus Child Abuse Is One of the Most. Child abuse is one of the most dangerous and serious problems confronting society, perhaps because of the helplessness and innocence of the victims.

What is particularly bothersome about child abuse is that it occurs in all income, racial, religious, and ethnic groups and in urban and rural communities. Likewise, there is no uniform definition of what constitutes child abuse, making it difficult to ascertain what prevention and treatment methods are most effective. For example, in Sweden, the law prohibits any physical punishment of children, including spanking. By contrast, in some countries of Asia, Africa, and the Caribbean, parents are expected to punish their children by hitting them.

This paper analyzes and examines the multitude of issues related to child abuse. Part II defines child abuse. In Part III, a history of child abuse is offered.

Part IV evaluates why child abuse exists according to control theory and anomy theory. Desired State of School. Dunn School No public school in the United States is so perfectly administered that is cannot be improved. Dunn School in Trenton, New Jersey, is certainly not close to being perfect but there are signs that the school is improving.

A school improvement plan has been approved and enabled and it includes: The last two goals could become pivotal to the future of the school, if they are approached with solid background thought and good communication between the school leadership, the community, and families. Characteristics of an Effective Leader. Leader An important part of the job of a public school principal is to set a tone for others -- teachers, administrators, counselors and staff -- not just by producing memos and holding meetings, but also through his or her leadership and on-the-job performance.

Leadership at this level of school administration is vital in terms of providing motivation and by setting an example. Leadership also entails the basic fundamentals of management; schools aren't businesses, but on the other hand running a school with a consciousness that emulates good business practices means being accountable for everything that goes on.

Meanwhile, by shadowing my principal for a few days I have been able to witness and record a number of leadership qualities that she exhibits. Ten characteristics of leadership I discovered while shadowing my principal ONE: I found that this principal conducts daily business similar to what Drs. Alex Schneider and Neil…… [Read More]. Transitioning to high school requires the teens to communicate with a new and larger peer group and handle greater academic expectations.

Counsellors clearly recognize that healthy relationships are the essence of mental, emotional, and psychological health. Many of the crises teens confront today are related to relationships -- with parents, teachers, siblings, and friends. Problems such as loneliness, low self-esteem, peer-pressure, rebellion, homosexuality, and underachievement have their foundation in unhealthy or broken relationships that can occur anytime during a youth's lifetime.

Increased stress occurs for adolescents across the board: Students who are in enrolled in rigorous…… [Read More]. Social norms are an important part of society. These are rules that our society have set up that govern the choices we make and the way we live. There are both good and bad social norms and they can impact the work environment differently.

Most working team operates within their pre-existing social norms, which guide their daily activities and choices. These norms can in some ways make the supervisor's job easier and in other ways can make it more difficult. In this paper I will discuss social norms, how they can make a supervisor's job easier, and how they make it more difficult. What are social Norms? Social norms are rules that a group uses as a benchmark for deciding acceptable and unacceptable behaviors.

Social norms exist in the United States and in other parts of the world; they exist in all types of groups. Social norms are beliefs, attitudes,…… [Read More]. The presentation is actually a review of what took place and also of what this counseling strategy is intended to accomplish working with young offenders.

There is always more that can be learned and more than can be done to work with people more effectively, and part of the task of a counselor is to seek new and more effective ways of communicating the most appropriate information at the most appropriate time.

Description of Practicum Sites and Clientele a quiet counseling room in a juvenile justice center; the shades are pulled up on the two windows that look out to a grove of tall trees, a lawn and benches with no one present Clients: Risk of Premature Sexual Activity Among Adolescents" by Taku Ikemoto functions as a survey of research into the personal and social dangers associated with sex among teenagers.

Each problem associated with adolescent sex is outlined and given corresponding support in the form of statistical evidence. Ikemoto begins by detailing the physical and emotional toll that adolescent sex can have. He further notes an emotional consequence that can not be ignored, as "The high probability of emotional soars, guilt, confusion about self and others A host of psychological problems including sleep disorder and suicide are also linked to premature sexual activity according to the research…… [Read More].

This is not just a crime that is committed in other countries. There have been cases reported by the authorities in every single state. Those victimized are at every age from adults to young children of both genders. Based on federal reporting it is estimated that the number of persons exploited sexually for money or trafficked are in the thousands DOJ, Some are brought into the U.

The primary sex crimes being includes child exploitation, prostitution, and pornography Keane, The age range of children involved in sexual trafficking is as early as 12 years old. Those of school age that do not live with their biological parents are often targeted. Children are often targeted…… [Read More]. Building Adolescent Social Intelligence With a Dance Physical Education Final Research Paper Outline Adolescents in high school benefit from the planning and execution of a social event such as a dance or party physically, emotionally, and developmentally.

The high school students should help organize and throw a party for themselves. The party should involve school staff, parents, and adult members of the community.

The party gives the high school students opportunities to practice and hone skills that will improve their self-esteem, self-confidence, individual identity, social intelligence, and social reality construction. Parties and Socialization A.

The party is a form of socialization that builds very important social skills. The party is a demonstration of how to understand the importance of social skills for development.

As with many behaviors, there are those that contend that bullies learn and practice behaviors of aggression and violence in the home environment. There are also arguments that some people become bullies because they lack sufficient social intelligence, awareness and skill. The pathophysiology of bullies includes higher blood pressure, subpar impulse control, and other physical indicators of stress, anger, rage, and even confusion.

Those who are victimized may sweat excessively, have anxiety attacks,…… [Read More]. Criminal Justice Theory and Policy.

Juvenile Delinquency in Courts Addressing Juvenile Delinquency Juvenile delinquency is a current issue trending in the American Society, especially due to its impact on the social environment. A close examination depicts the changing role that the youth and children have taken up in the American Society. From previous research, courts have been on the verge of dealing with juvenile related cases, owing to certain domains responsible to the increased rates of juvenile delinquency.

Such domain continues tagging along societal problem to social institutions such as schools, the neighborhood, and families related to the juveniles. In response to this social problem, a juvenile justice system featuring juvenile courts has been established to provide judicial methods, relations and facilities to the juveniles convicted.

However, juvenile judicial proceedings are in dilemmatic positions in regards to the principle of parenspatriae. The latter enables juvenile court actions to act in lieu of parents and guardians…… [Read More]. Causes of Juvenile Delinquency. Causes of Juvenile Delinquency Criminal Justice The problem of juvenile delinquency is becoming more complicated and universal, and crime prevention programs are either unequipped to deal with the present realities or do not exist.

Many developing countries have done little or nothing to deal with these problems, and international programs are obviously insufficient. Developed countries are engaged in activities aimed at juvenile crime prevention, but the overall effect of these programs is rather weak because the mechanisms in place are often inadequate to address the existing situation.

On the whole, current efforts to fight juvenile delinquency are characterized by the lack of systematic action and the absence of task-oriented and effective social work with both offenders and victims, whether real or potential. Analysis is further complicated by a lack of international comparative data. WYR, The paper is a meditation and investigation of the causes of juvenile delinquency.

While it…… [Read More]. Juvenile and Criminal Justice Systems. Juvenile and adult criminal justice systems The goals of the juvenile justice and the adult criminal justice systems are fundamentally distinct. The goal of the juvenile justice system is to rehabilitate the offender and to provide aid and assistance to the juvenile, enabling him or her to become a more productive adult La Mance In contrast, the purpose of the adult system is one of fact-finding, and is designed to see 'justice' done on a societal level: However, the adult system still does offer many rehabilitative programs for the majority of convicts, including educational and vocational training.

And, depending on the state, if the severity of the crime is deemed significant…… [Read More]. Future of Restorative Justice Restorative Justice the. Future of Restorative Justice Restorative Justice The most common form of criminal justice is retributive justice, which is based on an adversarial system that pits the offender against the victim reviewed in Brownlee, In retributive justice, it is the offender's job, so to speak, to proclaim their innocence or diminish the seriousness of the offence.

The state on behalf of the victim seeks to severely punish the victim through monetary penalties and prison terms. Both offender and victim are separated physically and emotionally from the very beginning of this process, once the offender has been identified and arrested.

Retributive justice ignores the Aristotelian principle of responsible agency, because the offender is expected to combat any and all criminal charges. In contrast, restorative justice seeks to mend the harm caused by the commission of a crime by encouraging the offender to accept responsibility for his or her actions Brownlee, Engagement will manifest differently for each client but generally it refers to bonding with the therapist, participation in treatment options, and caring about treatment goals.

Basically, engagement is what keeps the client interested. Thus, the therapist has an active role in creating motivation for and means of engagement. At-risk youth are identified as those exhibiting behavioral problems, and who are therefore at risk for developing more severe problems if left untreated.

Delinquency, truancy, running away, and other family conflicts are considered "at risk" behaviors Thompson, et al. The authors examine the role of in-home family therapy in encouraging or promoting engagement of adolescent…… [Read More].

In the interview conducted with the principal, she suggested there are more than ten important tasks a principal must perform, but in general she was very forthcoming and helpful. She pointed out that the ten mentioned are not necessarily in any particular order, because when comparing one principal's tasks in a small rural elementary school with 86 students to the principal's duties in a big city middle school with 1, students, there are vast differences in the priorities and duties of both principals.

The principal must be responsible for the implementation of the curriculum, which are the nuts and bolts of what students are expected to learn while in school. Juvenile Delinquency and Urban Areas. Juvenile Delincency in Urban Areas Juvenile delinquency is a contemporary term for an old problem. One of the oldest relevant studies of the phenomenon was 'social disorganization' theory, which was developed by the Chicago school of sociology in the 's.

This theory posits that there exist areas in a city in which traditional institutions have little or no control. This was studied in Chicago using a system of 'Concentric Zones' which demonstrated that most of the crime in the city occurs within certain areas that are typically associated with poverty.

According to studies conducted by Shaw and McKay in the 's, "a preponderance of the delinquent boys lived either in areas adjacent to the central business and industrial district or along the two forks of the Chicago River, ack of the Yards, or in South Chicago, with relatively few in other outlying areas. Pedagogic Model to the Teaching of Technology to Special Education Students Almost thirty years ago, the American federal government passed an act mandating the availability of a free and appropriate public education for all handicapped children.

In , this act was updated and reformed as the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, which itself was reformed in At each step, the goal was to make education more equitable and more accessible to those with special educational needs.

During the last presidential term, the "No Child Left Behind" Act attempted to assure that individuals with disabilities were increasingly mainstreamed and assured of high educational results.

All of these legislative mandates were aimed at insuring that children with disabilities were not defrauded of the public education which has become the birthright of all American children. The latest reforms to IDEA, for example, provided sweeping reforms which not only expanded the classification of…… [Read More].

Jon was actually a custodian. However, he had been employed in the service of this particular educational institution for some time. As such, he was familiar with most of the students, and had seen them enter the school in sixth grade and watched them progress to their eighth grade graduation. He had also seen the same process for most of their brothers and sisters.

He was thoroughly familiar with the faculty and the other non-instructional professionals at the school. Moreover, he was still a young man and seemed to have a pulse for the students, the schools, and the faculty as well. Because of his increasing familiarity with just about everyone who traversed through this particular middle school on a regular basis during my tenure working there, Jon was a valuable resource…… [Read More].

The need for'student parental involvement. Parent Involvement When it comes to children and how well they do or do not do in schools, a lot of the invective and scrutiny is directed towards the teachers at the school and the administrators that govern the same. Whether it be parents showing disdain for how well the students are not doing or whether it be national laws such as No Child Left Behind, the teachers seem to shoulder a lot of the blame when students do not perform as expected or desired.

However, to just blame the teachers would be unwise because they are only part of equation and some would argue that teachers are not even the biggest part of the equation. While having adept teachers imparting knowledge to students is important, having parents or guardians of those children that are involved and engaged is even more important.

Holloway Hmp Holloway Road Prison. The Home Office website was also a good source of informstion in this regard. A very good article that shed light on the more negative view of Holloway prison as well as units in other prisons was Getting it right?

Services for pregnant women, new mothers, and babies in prison. This report provide some telling and insightful data that invaluable in terms of assessing the value and function of the mother and baby units in this prison. Theoretical aspects There are many theoretical aspects that pertain to the issue of mother and child units at a prison such as Holloway.

In general terms, and from a criminological perspective, there is the view that units of this kind are…… [Read More]. Psychological Affects Sexual Abuse Has. In conclusion, both juvenile sex offenders and victims of sexual abuse need to undergo treatment and counselling. The importance of treating victims of sex abuse is to ensure that the "cycle of abuse" ceases and that they can recover from their ordeal and lead normal lives.

The treatment of juvenile sex offenders is to ensure their rehabilitation, depending on the problem and also separate them from the rest of society. The Ambiguity of Juvenile Sexual Offenders. Internet Journal of Criminology, 7, Sexual Abuse in Pre-pubertal Children and Adolescents. Understanding Juvenile Sex Offenders: Overwhelmingly, those programs are explicitly designed to be culturally responsive, but, again, not just to tribal groups.

One program, for example, is likely to have tribal students, Hispanic students, and other immigrant groups. A massive data-collection effort is underway to measure successful programmatic elements and determine which efforts have produced the most dramatic results. One of the principles guiding the current push in California to provide more and better after-school programs is as follows: For many Native families, placing their children in an after-school program through…… [Read More].

If students are misbehaving, they are not engaged in their lessons. Behavior management is, unfortunately, a priority focus at Springfield Gardens, to the detriment of instruction. This is the point that the three interviewees continued to stress. None of them blamed the teachers for failing to engage students; the fault, as they see it, lies squarely with the students whose families apparently do not place a high value on education.

The students, as Gordon, Benton and Johnson see it, are products of the culture in which their parents live. The three frequently compared and contrasted the students of today with students of generations past. Students in "the good old days" did not misbehave the way students do "these days. Benton recalled a childhood outside the United States where school, he implied, was much more rigorous. It would appear…… [Read More].

Social Work Describe Some of. Social workers try to help people make the most of their environment, their relationships, and any struggles they might have with money or family. A lot of social workers deal with people who face life-threatening circumstances, such as criminal activity or substance abuse. Other issues that social workers try to tackle are inadequate housing, unemployment, illness, disability, or difficulties around childbirth Social Work Professions: Summary of the Social Worker Fields, There are various social work specializations, but the larger categories include child, family, and school social workers, who provide social services and assistance to children and their families; medical and public health social workers who provide support for people with illnesses, such as Alzheimer's disease, cancer, or AIDS; mental health and substance abuse social workers who deal with people who struggle with psychological issues; and social workers who deal with the intricacies of social policy and planning Social Work…… [Read More].

Junior Hopefully Your Only Contact. The nature of the juvenile justice system may be adversarial at times, but unlike the adult criminal system it is not necessarily so. Agreement is the goal. In fact, depending on the nature of the offense, a juvenile case may be dismissed or dealt with in an informal hearing, rather than subject to formal proceedings at all. The purpose of the juvenile system is almost always to rehabilitate the offender, rather than to enact social retribution.

Given that our society believes that a child usually does not have the moral or cognitive capacity to judge the wrongfulness or rightness of his or her own actions like an adult, there seems to be a need for two systems of justice. For example, a child who burns down a building because he is playing with matches is unlikely to deserve the same type of sentence or treatment as an adult who commits…… [Read More].

Gender Bias Until Relatively Recently. Yet by the time of middle and high school, females have already begun to ghettoize themselves. The ghettoization of females is tacitly supported by educators. Attempts to reach out to female students has been criticized harshly as an attempt to "feminize" education and take something away from boys rather than give something to all students Frawley , p. The very notion that helping girls would be detrimental to boys is a sexist belief.

Gender biases also represent a fundamental failure to recognize the "middle ground" for children who "are not strongly gender-typed" at any age Frawley , p. Female students may be discouraged from reaching peak athletic performance because of gender bias too.

Stereotypes are often reinforced in classrooms, as female students are "negatively sanctioned Juvenile Justice Juvenile delinquents Shifting to a restorative model, acknowledging the needs of victims Juvenile justice: Shifting to a restorative model, acknowledging the needs of victims The adult justice system in America has long focused upon retribution and community restoration as well as rehabilitation of offenders. Victims must be 'made whole,' not just offenders within the adult system.

However, the juvenile justice system has had a far less clear focus upon the restoration of justice to the community than that of its adult counterpart. This is partially due to the oft-expressed view that juveniles are less morally responsible than adults.

Juvenile records are usually 'wiped clean' after the adolescents have served their time in probation or prison. The focus of the juvenile justice system is always on the improvement of the life of the juvenile and to reduce the likelihood of recidivism, rather than outright punishment. On the other hand,…… [Read More]. Adult Support for Multicultural Education.

As is stated by Bennett "When teachers accept the goal of developing competencies in multiple systems of standards of perceiving, evaluating, believing and doing, it becomes obvious that knowledge about multiple dialects and languages is part of becoming educated" p. While neither educators nor parents can magically erase all cultural and ethnic barriers and inequities, any more than they can resolve all of the communication problems created associated with an increasingly diverse classroom, they can achieve significant results by making a conscious and concerted effort to ensure that every student is treated fairly and in a manner that respects rather than ignores their cultural heritage.

Children and Schools, 26, Baker, M. Keeping students in school. Juvenile Justice Bulletin, Bennett, C. Marketing Management of Boy's and. The broader areas of Customer elationship Management CM serve as the foundation of client relationship management and analysis avanas, There is the second weakness of also concentrating on the corporate donors as a largely homogeneous group.

This can be seen in the approaches defined in the Club's annual report. The tailoring of individualized strategies can maximize the experiences of donors so they have a higher level of ownership in the causes they are investing in Polonsky, Sargeant, Concentrating more on how to transform the corporate donors' investments into experiences not only for them but the clubs they adopt will further support a more relationship-based series of marketing strategies.

The greatest threat to the existing series of donor strategies is that they may eventually become more transactional in scope and donors may decide to either cut back on the level of giving or quit giving altogether due to economic…… [Read More].

Organizational Theory Strengths and Weaknesses. The theory sees human organizational behaviors and conceptions culturally bound, rather than natural, unlike advocates of systems theory.

Systems theory has been more influenced by sociology and linguistics than the natural sciences. Analyzing symbolic interpretations may be more useful in organizations serving diverse populations: Rather the people being served may require counseling to change what they consider good foods, a healthy diet, and a positive body image, if their culture tends to reinforce unhealthy practices.

An ideological overhaul is necessary to change some behaviors, like the decreased social acceptability of smoking, for example. Organizations are social as well as formal, and cultural in nature…… [Read More]. At Risk Some Adolescents Are. Nowadays, adolescent problem behavior is conceptualized as 2 empirically derived syndromes: Little is known about the structure of internalizing problem behavior.

Accordingly, the first aim of this study is to examine the structure of externalizing and internalizing problem behavior during adolescence. At the end of their study, eitz, Dekovic, and Meijer recount that prior research primarily focused on externalizing problems, the structure of a limited range of problem behavior, and basically found support for a 1-factor structure.

Their study, eitz, Dekovic, and Meijer assert, extended previoius research as it explored externalizing, as well as internalizing problems, examining whether both types of behaviors belonged to one single factor of general problem behavior 1-factor model , or whether the two types behavior ought to be deemed two separate…… [Read More].

Delinquency Theories Edwin Sutherland Just as parole programs typically restrict contact between offenders, a Differential Association-oriented delinquency prevention program would endeavor to prohibit the formation of deviant groups and criminally-prone gangs. The specific mechanisms for intervention would include sentencing juvenile offenders to mandatory suspension of social relationships deemed capable of precipitating delinquent or criminal conduct in lieu of harsher penalties.

Another mechanism might be the strict enforcement of particular municipal codes, such as ordinances prohibiting the public assembly of groups of individuals or the promulgation of such legislation for that purpose where existing legislation is lacking in that regard.

Likewise, the strict enforcement of other commonly overlooked activities technically prohibited by ordinance, such as the timely vacating of parks promptly at closing time, loitering on private commercial property adjacent to convenience stores, and truancy statutes would all be incorporated into a Differential Association-oriented approach to delinquency prevention.

More generally, that concept of delinquency prevention…… [Read More]. An article in the Journal of School Health Summerlin-Long, details "tobacco-free school" TFS policies; the article references "positive reports" from "key informants" in 46 school districts in North Carolina that had passed TFS policies between December and August This article is particularly pertinent because of…… [Read More].

Native American Boarding Schools of. Visits home were frowned upon and discouraged, and most Indian families could not afford to pay for the long journey home from the schools, so children remained there year-round until their schooling was complete in many cases. However, many families did see the worth of a formal education for their children. Author Child notes, "Still, many Ojibwe parents, persuaded of the importance of an education or learning a trade for their child's future, would have agreed with the North Dakota father whose son and daughter attended Flandreau when he expressed his desire for their success in school and wish to keep them there, 'as much as we can stand it'" Child These parents often hoped their children would receive an education, but also learn a trade, so they could make their way in the world as adults.

In theory, children attended school for half the day, and then learned…… [Read More]. Often is forgetful in daily activities Often has difficulty maintaining alertness, orienting to requests, or executing directions Often fidgets with hands or feet or squirms in seat Often leaves seat in classroom or in other situations in which remaining seated is expected Often runs about or climbs excessively in situations in which it is inappropriate Often has difficulty playing or engaging in leisure activities quietly Often is "on the go" or often acts as if "driven by a motor" Often talks excessively Often blurts out answers before questions have been completed Often has difficulty awaiting turn Often interrupts or intrudes on others e.

Often has difficulty sitting still, being quiet, Often loses temper Often argues with adults Often actively defies or refuses adult requests or rules Survival Theory Richard Dawkins' the. As this meme passed down through generations, it became more pervasive and it also became more complete.

When slavery in the New World began, both blacks and whites were enslaved, black slaves could gain freedom, and slavery was not a condition of birth. However, as that changed, the memes surrounding African-Americans also changed.

Not only were blacks seen as not equal to whites, but they were seen as incapable of becoming equal to whites. Therefore, when Jim Crow segregation was first challenged under the Fourteenth Amendment, the Supreme Court determined that separate facilities were not inherently unequal, despite overwhelming evidence that the facilities provided for African-Americans were factually inferior to those provided for whites.

While this meme has been challenged by newer ideas and has, generally, not stood up to scientific, moral, and religious challenges, vestiges of it remain in almost every American person.

As a result, many Americans, of…… [Read More]. Art Outreach Programs it Is. Mulcahy and yszomirski However, this is not art for art's sake; it is art for our children's sake. If one has to put on the back burner that Picasso was a cubist for the sake of challenging a child to look at a painting and just experience it, than so be it.

The very act of simply experiencing the art of an artist can have profound effects on the thought process of children as well as adults. They may think it is profound or they may think it is a piece of trash, but at least they are thinking. Art outreach programs have become the sole window into the art world for some schools. Since funding for school programs has been so drastically reduced, these outreach programs have become absolute necessities for many communities. These programs also introduce not only children to art, but adults are benefiting from these…… [Read More].

Correctional Systems Juvenile and Adult. In numerous states, specific laws which govern how juvenile offenders are treated in the court and prison systems are separate "from the criminal code used for adult offenders," a situation which can often be found in other state correctional systems.

Of course, all those convicted of crimes against society "must be held accountable for their actions," yet when dealing with young offenders, most state courts seems to stress this idea to the maximum while also taking in account that "the basis of a sound juvenile justice system lies in getting to the root causes of delinquent and law-breaking behavior," meaning that early intervention is far more important for young offenders that it is for older offenders.

Basically, much more emphasis is placed on treatment programs, education and "preparing juveniles to re-enter" society as responsible adults than in adult correctional systems "Juvenile Services," , Internet. Also, there are a number of…… [Read More]. Slavery in a Year. In the Chesapeake region, for instance, Africans cut and burned brush, split rails, and built fences with axes and hatchets.

They cut down trees and squared logs. They were wheelwrights, carpenters, shingle cutters, boat builders, cabinetmakers, and barrel makers. They built wagons, worked as blacksmiths, made saddles and harnesses. In South Carolina they built dugout canoes and boats that carried rice to Charleston. A law there required all slaves to work as ditch diggers when the growing season was over. Slaves built roads and dug waterways.

In North Carolina slaves made tar and pitch from pinecones for use on English boats. In Georgia, black slaves wove fishing nets and were shrimpers. In Africa they had killed and eaten crocodiles, so they knew how to deal with alligators in the South. The women worked in the fields and…… [Read More]. Bullying What Is the Effect. According to Heinrich , "The bullying prevention program goals are reducing or eliminating existing bullying problems and preventing new problems.

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One of the common causes of truancy and disruptive behavior in children is the influence of friends and peers. Many times these peers are seen encouraging truancy as a status-seeking activity or as a way of joining in or blending in.

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truancy Essay Truancy 1 Running head: STUDENT TRUANCY Student truancy: Why should I go to school? Kevin Floress Indiana University Truancy 2 Abstract Various school personnel, parents, community members, and juvenile justice officials among others are consistently concerned with the issue of truancy in schools.

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Unlike most editing & proofreading services, we edit for everything: grammar, spelling, punctuation, idea flow, sentence structure, & more. Get started now! Truancy is rated among the major problems facing schools today (Garry, ). Schools in some larger cities have reported absenteeism rates as high as 50 percent per day (Allen-Meares, ). The issue of truancy compromises schools’ primary function and places our young people at risk.

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Dec 06,  · Words: Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: Truancy and Court Appearances The Relationship between School Truancy Rates and Court Cases Research, albeit it clinical, case study, empirical, descriptive, historical, or any combination thereof, must exhibit and command interest, enthusiasm, and passionate commitment. In this aspect, truancy is a grave concern to all components of society which caused by schools, family factors and personal factors. First and foremost, school factors play a major role in .