Capital punishment can be a difficult topic to approach because people tend to have extreme views on it. The death penalty is an asset to society; it deters potential criminals as well as serves retribution to criminals, and is in no way immoral. The arguments against the death penalty often do not hold up when examined more closely.
It is important that the nation is united on this issue, rather than having some states use capital punishment while others do not.
The death penalty can be an extremely useful tool in sentencing criminals that have committed some of the worst crimes known to society. It is imperative that we begin to pass legislation making capital punishment legal throughout the United States so that justice can be served properly.
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Ernest van den Haag, a professor at Fordham University, wrote about the issue of deterrence: Ernest van den Haag said it best: Works Cited Bosner, Kevin. July 10, at 9: March 23, at March 1, at 9: January 5, at 6: December 1, at 1: December 1, at October 18, at Score Hero Hack Download. August 19, at 9: July 20, at 3: July 7, at July 1, at June 30, at 8: June 30, at 7: June 26, at 8: June 14, at 8: June 10, at 8: League Of Legends Hack Ip.
June 9, at 8: June 2, at 9: May 17, at May 14, at May 7, at 7: April 28, at 3: April 20, at 6: Castle Clash Astuce Hack. Resweber - cruelty dealing with humane ways of execution, next was the United States v. Jackson - the provisions that dealt with kidnapping, next was Witherspoon v.
Illinois - determined excluding juries that had a bias towards death penalties being unconstitutional, and finally McGautha v. All of these have impacted the nature of the death penalty, as we all know it today in the United States. These have all influenced the way people view the death penalty and help explain why some people oppose it and some impose it. The people who oppose the death penalty have very different reasons than people who agree with it.
Those who oppose it feel that no matter how bad of an offense that the criminal has committed, they should not be executed. One argument is that the convicted could be innocent. Once the state kills an innocent person, the effects are irreversible.
There have been at least 96 instances since of wrongfully convicted people set free before the states had a chance to kill them Internet. DNA evidence has come a long way to help these innocent people to their freedom. The following person is an example of one of those people wrongfully condemned by lack of evidence. In May , Nate was sentenced to life in prison for a Elizabeth, N.
A twelve-year-old semen specimen was located and analyzed. It proved that Nate had a different blood type from the real rapist. His release won national attention Dicks This is among one of the highest regards to the abolitionist movement towards the death penalty. Thousands have been put to death under one government and when another government came in, or new evidence came in, they were proven to be innocent Dicks The only way to prevent this from happening is to abolish the death penalty altogether.
These wrongful convictions clearly occurred due to some ill proper investigating, prejudice, courtroom laziness, or politics. The discrimination that is inescapable in the selection of the few to be killed under our capital punishment laws is unfortunately of the most irreversible and unacceptable nature Isenberg Among the more high-powered nations in the world the United States remains the leading advocate of death as a punishment for crime, even though innocent people may have been put to death Isenberg The abolitionists also assert that the deterrent theory does not actually work.
It merely produces a brutalizing effect that says to others that killing is o. Since the state has the right to kill, having the death penalty reinforces the perpetrator in that it says it is o. To even approach the number of people to be sentenced to death, to reach the deterrent effect, is unimaginable. Hundreds of thousands, in my opinion, would have to be put to death to reach the deterrent goal. So those juries that are commanded to use the death penalty have often acquitted, due to beliefs, or charged the perpetrator with a lesser offense Isenberg Even though hundreds of thousands go to trial for murder, juries are reluctant to convict.
So our system clearly does not even give room for the deterrent effect, which would be hundreds of thousands put to death, to affect the way perpetrators would think before killing. States in the United States that do not use the death penalty usually have lower murder rates than states that do Internet. For example, between and , the average murder rate among seven abolitionist states ranged from a high of 1.
A closer look shows that murder rates play a contributing role in death penalty arguments across the United States Galliher An example is, between and , the states of West Virginia not yet an abolitionist state and Michigan had relatively higher murder rates of 5. Therefore, reinforcing the fact that the brutalization effect is right. Maybe since we are in the television revolution, we should televise it more than the little it is today.
Indeed, one study showed that criminals, by a 5: Indeed, prisoners rate the death penalty as a much more severe penalty than they do life without parole B. While it is difficult to prove a negative, i. Extensive worldwide research on individual deterrence would, undoubtedly, reveal significant general deterrent effect..
We hear about shipwrecks, but we do not hear about the ships the lighthouse guides safely on their way. We do not have proof of the number of ships it saves, but we do not tear the lighthouse down. See works by Profs.
Although these studies have been produced by respected social scientists, there are also studies which show no general deterrent effect. Indeed, with the complexity of these studies and with the number of variables required to accurately measure the general deterrent effect of executions on murder rates, it is arguable if there ever will be a statistical consensus with general deterrence studies.
With so few executions and so many murders, the general deterrent effect may remain statistically elusive. However, it is that very inconclusive nature of general deterrence which provides the two reasons which require executions. First, we must choose to use executions because they may save innocent life. Whereas, if we choose not to use executions and there is a general deterrent effect, we would be sacrificing innocent lives.
Therefore, a moral imperative exists to choose executions see B. Secondly, the individual deterrent effect would not exist but for the presence of general deterrence. And because the individual deterrent effect is proven and cannot be contradicted, we know that the general deterrent effect must exist, even though its existence may remain inconclusive by statistical analysis.
Delaware, which executes more murderers per capita than any other state in the U. Furthermore, general or systemic deterrence is not necessarily measured by low or reduced homicide rates, but by rates that are lower than they otherwise would be if the death penalty was not present. Additionally, some countries, such as Saudi Arabia, have swift and sure executions and very low violent crime rates.
It is not surprising that the U. While most in the U. Texas resumed executions in Sister Helen Prejean Dead Man Walking joins this hideous chorus, proclaiming that " m iddle-class and upper middle-class white people Clearly, these statements reveal only their prejudice. And there is, of course, no excuse for anyone that commits capital murder. Stevenson and Prejean do hereby reflect either their unbelievable ignorance or their willful and foul deception.
Based on their active involvement in the death penalty debate, both Stevenson and Prejean should must? In fact, statistics indicate that wealthy capital murderers may be more likely to be executed.
Furthermore, whites who kill whites are slightly more likely to be on death row than blacks who kill whites. Finally, whites who kill blacks are slightly more likely to be on death row than blacks who kill whites. Since , there is absolutely no credible evidence to support any other conclusion.
Could it be that we just hate white murderers more? Or that we only care about white capital murder victims? Or should we conclude that the "system" focuses its benevolence toward black murderers, but its racism against black victims? Such perverse conclusions, by opponents, are expected and serve only to further undermine their quickly eroding credibility. Successful capital prosecutions have nothing to do with the race of the victim or of the defendant and everything to do with the nature of the crimes.
The most thorough evaluation of this subject was presented in McCleskey v. Could it be that whites are, overwhelmingly, the victims in death row cases because whites are, overwhelmingly, the victims in capital crimes? What is the ratio of white to black victims under the relevant, but non-homicide circumstances, which, when combined with homicide, become capital crimes? A The most relevant economic violent crime is robbery with injury, which shows a 4: E In death penalty states, police victim murders are capital crimes.
There is a 7: These factors, and others within this section, are consistent with the 6: Yes, but, make no mistake, murder victims and capital murder victims are two very distinct groups. And only capital murders are relevant to death penalty cases. Capital crimes are very unique, combining murder with specific circumstance, such as subsets A-H. Should we balance the scales of justice and execute equally the killers of blacks and whites? Only if you wish to increase the number of black murderers executed.
The overwhelming majority of black on black murders have mitigating circumstances, thereby reducing the numbers of blacks who might otherwise be executed. First, some of the studies which the GAO included in their analysis included non-capital murders. This certainly impairs the integrity of the results because only capital murders should have been included. Stephen Klein and John Rolph, "Relationship of Offender and Victim Race to Death Penalty Sentences in California" Jurimetrics Journal, 32, Fall , found that, "After accounting for some of the many factors that may influence penalty decisions, neither race of the defendant nor race of the victim appreciably improved prediction of who was sentenced to death.
Fourth, crime statistics show a 4: Such ratios are consistent with the 6: Baldus, Woodward and Pulaski, McCleskey argued that the death penalty was racist. Owen Forester found that the study's conclusions of racial bias were without merit. In , the 11th Circuit Court of Appeals, by a vote, stated "Viewed broadly, it would seem that the statistical evidence presented here Apparent disparities in sentencing are an inevitable part of our criminal justice system.
Opponents falsely contend that this is evidence of racism in the "system". For all violent crimes, there are ten times as many black offenders 2,, involved in white victim violent crimes as there are white offenders , involved in black victim violent crimes, or a The State of Violent Crime in America, pg. JFA has assumed multiple offenders to be two offenders for calculation purposes.
In addition, blacks are nearly three times as likely to murder whites , as whites are to murder blacks , or 3: IF murder rates are statistically consistent within the violent crime category, as McCleskey et al indicate, then blacks are, statistically, by a These are those crimes most eligible for the death penalty.
That statistically projected ratio of The most relevant aggravated crime is robbery with injury, wherein blacks are 21 times more likely to be involved in such crimes as are whites.
IF overall murder statistics are consistent, within this crime category, as McCleskey et al suggests, then there is a This is a deserved reputation, particularly in the South.
Blacks have suffered some years of slavery and blatantly racist criminal justice practices. From the practices of punishing blacks, who rape whites, with death and whites, who rape blacks, with a slap on the wrist, to the three trials needed to convict Byron de la Beckwith for the murder of civil rights leader Medgar Evers, generations of black Americans cannot and must not forget. From , white murderers were more likely to be executed than black murderers This trend continues today.
BJS, Prisoners in Researchers find a close relationship between the racial distribution in arrest and prison statistics and the race of offenders as described by crime victims. In other words, according to the reports from victims, racial groups are represented in prison according to their involvement in criminal activity.
Prison Populations, ; M. Drawing only on personal knowledge, we found that since , in Texas, alone, at least seven middle class to wealthy murderers have been put on death row. Three additional await execution. Extensive, objective research would, undoubtedly, reveal many more.
Because financial need can be excluded, the category of wealthy capital murderer can be assumed to murder at a rate 10 times less than their poorer ilk. Therefore, the projected number of wealthy executed from is 2 , or 12 million x.
The ratio of men to women on death row and executed is Men committed , rapes, robberies and burglaries, women 47, or a From , men committed 7 times as many murders as women, or 7: Therefore, it may be statistically predictable that men are, by a
This assignment instructed students to write a persuasive essay which argues for a specific viewpoint or a specific action to be taken on a societal issue. I argued for a specific stance to be taken on the issue of the death penalty. The audience for this essay is the opinion section of the.
The Death Penalty - The death penalty continues to be an issue of controversy and is an issue that will be debated in the United States for many years to come.
This is a very long document. Please allow the page to load completely. DEATH PENALTY AND SENTENCING INFORMATION In the United States 10/1/ There are vast differences in the way people view the death penalty. Some oppose it and some agree with it. There have been many studies trying to prove or.
English Task –Argumentative Essay The Death Penalty The argument of whether the death penalty is effective is an age-old and contentious issue. Keywords: death penalty debate, death penalty argument. The death penalty is the ultimate punishment. There is no harsher punishment than death itself. Currently fifty-eight nations practice the death penalty. Our nation, the United States of America, is one of the fifty-eight nations that practice the death penalty.