Skip Nav

The Federalist Papers 10 and 51 (1788)

Brief Summary

❶Sadly, America also has factions. New York State and the Federal Constitution.

by James Madison

Logging out…
Federalist Essays No.47 - No. 51
Federalist Essays No.10 - No.17

Not only that, but also the rights of the minor party are getting steamrolled by the power of the majority. But what are factions, anyways? They're a group of citizens, however big or small, who are united by a specific interest that puts them against another group of citizens and their specific interests. There are two ways to stop factions: Remove its causes, or control its effects.

The downside to the first thing is that factions are a by-product of having opinions in general and the freedom to express them. You can't go into someone's brain and get rid of their opinions—in maybe, but at least not in —and getting rid of people's freedom of expression kind of flies in the face of the whole democracy thing. It would be like launching your house into space to put out a fire.

Fire can't burn without that pesky oxygen pesky freedom, in this analogy , but you also need oxygen to breathe. What gets even worse is that everyone has an interest. Most American constitutions have thought it enough protection to simply divide the duties amongst the different branches, but the experience of both Virginia and Pennsylvania provide evidence that dividing duties between branches does not protect each branch from the power of the others.

The written demarcation of powers is not enough to prevent the concentration of powers in the hands of one body.

Some have argued that the people should be the final judge when one branch attempts to usurp the power of another, but there are many reasons why this would be dangerous to the government itself.

Every appeal to the people to right the wrongs of government implies a defect in that government and reduces the respect the people give to that government. There is great danger in disturbing the public peace by frequently appealing to the public opinion. Finally, an appeal to the people would probably not adjust the imbalance that occurred in the first place. In a representative republic, the most powerful branch is the legislative.

The branches most likely to appeal to the people for usurpation of their powers would therefore be the executive or the judicial. According to Adair, Beard reads No. Garry Wills is a noted critic of Madison's argument in Federalist No.

In his book Explaining America , he adopts the position of Robert Dahl in arguing that Madison's framework does not necessarily enhance the protections of minorities or ensure the common good. But these weapons for delay are given to the minority irrespective of its factious or nonfactious character; and they can be used against the majority irrespective of its factious or nonfactious character.

What Madison prevents is not faction, but action. What he protects is not the common good but delay as such". For instance, United States Supreme Court justice John Paul Stevens cites the paper for the statement, "Parties ranked high on the list of evils that the Constitution was designed to check". See The Federalist, No. Madison's argument that restraining liberty to limit faction is an unacceptable solution has been used by opponents of campaign finance limits.

Justice Clarence Thomas , for example, invoked Federalist No. Rather than adopting the repressive 'cure' for faction that the majority today endorses, the Framers armed individual citizens with a remedy". From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Accessed January 22, See also "The Federalist Papers: Volume 1, Chapter 4, Document University of Chicago Press. Retrieved January 22, Referenced November 20, Volume 1, Chapter 17, Document Volume 1, Chapter 7, Document 7. The Grecian republics were of small extent; so also was that of the Romans.

Both of these, it is true, in process of time, extended their conquests over large territories of country; and the consequence was, that their governments were changed from that of free governments to those of the most tyrannical that ever existed in the world". Jones , U. Brown , U. Fame and the Founding Fathers. The Federalist with Letters of "Brutus". The MacMillan Company, Are We to Be a Nation? Harvard University Press, University Press of Kansas, De Pauw, Linda Grant.

New York State and the Federal Constitution. Cornell University Press, The Political Theory of The Federalist. University of Chicago Press, The Authority of Publius: A Reading of the Federalist Papers. Politics, Literature, and the American Language, Yeoman Politician of the New Republic. State Historical Society of Wisconsin, The Summer of The Men Who Invented the Constitution.

The Creation of the American Republic, — The Idea of America: Reflections on the Birth of the United States. Edited by Jacob E. Wesleyan University Press, Edited by Henry B. Edited by Paul Leicester Ford. The Documentary History of the Ratification of the Constitution. Notes of the Secret Debate of the Federal Convention of Retrieved October 1, Retrieved August 23, The Papers of James Madison.

Early life and career Belle Grove Plantation, birthplace Montpelier. House of Representatives election, U. Age of Enlightenment American Enlightenment Marbury v. Retrieved from " https:

Navigation menu

Main Topics

Privacy Policy

A free, easy-to-understand summary of The Federalist Papers 10 and 51 that covers all of the key plot points in the document.

Privacy FAQs

The Federalist Papers study guide contains a biography of Alexander Hamilton, John Jay and James Madison, literature essays, a complete e-text, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis.

About Our Ads

Summary of Federalist Paper 10 of The Federalist Papers 10 and Get a line-by-line breakdown of this section of the text to be sure you're picking up what The Federalist Papers 10 and 51 is . Summary. Madison begins perhaps the most famous of the Federalist papers by stating that one of the strongest arguments in favor of the Constitution is the fact that it establishes a government capable of controlling the violence and damage caused by factions.

Cookie Info

A summary of Federalist Essays No - No in The Founding Fathers's The Federalist Papers (). Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of The Federalist Papers () and what it means. Perfect for acing essays, tests, . federalist paper 10 and Garrett myers p.1 STUDY. PLAY. federalist paper james madison argues for the adoption of the constitution, federalist paper 10 (written in ) argues that a strong central government can guard against the "factionalism" of smaller republics, a broad, strong national government that should remain non.