British Broadcasting Corporation Home. National 4 National 5. Below you will find an example discursive essay. Read the essay over carefully. Study it and work out how it has been written. I believe that, though this may have been necessary in the past, other ways can be developed to test drugs and, in the future, animals should not be used.
Computers can also be programmed to show how medicines will react in the human body. They do not suffer from all human diseases, so scientists have to give them the illnesses artificially. The joints in rabbit legs are inflamed with chemicals to help research in rheumatism.
These tests do not always work because animals do not react to drugs in the same way as humans. Aspirin, for example, damages pregnant mice and dogs, but not pregnant women. Arsenic, which is a deadly poison for humans, has no effect on sheep, while penicillin, which is so valuable to humans, kills guinea pigs. The government introduced new rules about the use of animals in experiments in Scientists claim that these rules safeguard animals because they state that discomfort must be kept to a minimum and that painkillers must be used where necessary and appropriate.
Surely this means, however, that scientists can still decide not to use painkillers in the animal experiments because they do not consider them appropriate. There is also more long-term sickness, even though greater numbers of animals are being used in research.
They also argue that experiments on animals have been very useful in the past. For instance, the lives of ten million human diabetics have been saved because of experiments with insulin on dogs. Dogs also benefited, as the same drug can be used on them. In fact, a third of medicines used by vets are the same as those used by doctors. These tests do not show how the drugs work on whole animals and so they only have limited effectiveness.
Alternative methods do work. Various groups have been set up to put money into other ways of researching. Make sure that each point has a counterargument. For example, if you have 3 points for one side, you should have 3 points against it to balance it out. This ensures your argument is unbiased as well as thorough. Try to choose strong and valid points that would be difficult to argue against. This makes it more exciting and informative to the reader when you DO introduce its counter-argument.
The points should descend in order from strongest argument to least supportive argument. Alternate back and forth between each perspective to illustrate the argument. Think of it like a "ping-pong" match. The body of the outline should appear as follows:. Each individual argument is a paragraph. The amount of paragraphs is up to your discretion, but if this is for a class there should be at least 4. Now that you've fully outlined your essay, it's time to flesh it out.
The difference between the two lies in the purpose and structure of the piece. The goal of a discursive essay is to present a balanced and objective examination of a subject. Like an argumentative essay, the topic may be controversial, but the discursive essay attempts to present a much more balanced discussion of the issue. It does not, however, have to be expressly neutral. The essay should present both sides of the discussion, supported by facts and research.
The author may draw tentative conclusions about the subject and suggest them to the reader. The discursive style is written in a more formal and impersonal style than other essays.
It begins with a introduction to the topic. Each issue should be discussed in a separate paragraph and each paragraph should begin with a strong topic sentence. The essay will typically alternate a paragraph of point followed by a paragraph of counterpoint.
"Discursive writing does not argue for or against a point throughout the essay". Knowing in advance which points you will discuss will help during the actual writing process. Make sure that each point has a counterargument.
Discursive writing is a good way to learn how to structure an argument logically and to anticipate and counter the arguments of the other side. The following are guidelines recommended by territorios-luchas.tk on how to write a good discursive essay.
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Are you not aware of how to write a discursive essay? Well, then this blog can help you up to a great extent. Here you can find a point-by-point pattern organization of a compact and well-composed discursive essay. % FREE Papers on Discursive essays. Sample topics, paragraph introduction help, research & more. Class , high school & college. -.