If your teacher recommends this form, go for it. However, you should be aware that especially in college, teachers and professors tend to want students to break out of this limited mode. Decide on a structure. There are several ways to organize a compare-and-contrast essay. Which one you choose depends on what works best for your ideas. This organization deals with all of the points about Topic A, then all of the points of Topic B.
For example, you could discuss all your points about frozen pizza in as many paragraphs as necessary , then all your points about homemade pizza. This type of organization switches back and forth between points. For example, you could first discuss the prices of frozen pizza vs. The disadvantage is that you do switch back and forth between topics, so you need to make sure that you use transitions and signposts to lead your reader through your argument.
This organization presents all the comparisons first, then all the contrasts. Putting the contrasts last places the emphasis on them. However, it can be more difficult for your readers to immediately see why these two subjects are being contrasted if all the similarities are first.
Outlining your essay will help you work out the main organizational structure and will give you a template to follow as you develop your ideas.
No matter how you decided to organize your essay, you will still need to have the following types of paragraphs: This paragraph comes first and presents the basic information about the subjects to be compared and contrasted. It should present your thesis and the direction of your essay i. These are the meat of your essay, where you provide the details and evidence that support your claims. Each different section or body paragraph should tackle a different division of proof. It should provide and analyze evidence in order to connect those proofs to your thesis and support your thesis.
Many middle-school and high-school essays may only require three body paragraphs, but use as many as is necessary to fully convey your argument. This paragraph acknowledges that other counter-arguments exist, but discusses how those arguments are flawed or do not apply. This paragraph summarizes the evidence presented. It will restate the thesis, but usually in a way that offers more information or sophistication than the introduction could.
Take it to the next level! Outline your body paragraphs based on subject-to-subject comparison. Let's say you're working with the following statement: This method of organization can be unwieldy, so if you choose it, be sure not to let your paragraphs become page-long lists of points about each subject.
A subject-to-subject body paragraph outline could look like this: Body Paragraph 1 Woods: Types of Activities and Facilities Conclusion. Outline your body paragraphs based on point-by-point comparison. This is the more common method used in the comparison and contrast essay.
For example, in this case, you could write one paragraph describing the weather in both the woods and the beach, one paragraph describing the activities in each location, and a third describing the facilities in both. Here's how the essay could look: Discuss first difference between woods and beaches: Woods Beach Body Paragraph 2: Discuss second difference between woods and beaches: Woods Beach Body Paragraph 3: Discuss third difference between woods and beaches: Outline your body paragraphs based on compare then contrast.
This type of organization works best for when you want to emphasize the contrasts between your subjects. First, you discuss how your subjects are similar. Introduction Body Paragraph 1: Similarity between woods and beaches both are places with a wide variety of things to do Body Paragraph 2: First difference between woods and beaches they have different climates Body Paragraph 3: Second difference between woods and beaches there are more easily accessible woods than beaches in most parts of the country Body Paragraph 4: Emphasis on the superiority of the woods to the beach Conclusion.
Organize your individual body paragraphs. Once you've chosen an organizational method for your body paragraphs, you'll need to have an internal organization for the body paragraphs themselves. Each of your body paragraphs will need to have the three following elements: This sentence introduces the main idea and subject of the paragraph. It can also provide a transition from the ideas in the previous paragraph.
These sentences provide concrete evidence that support the topic sentence and main idea. Use your brainstorming ideas to fill in your outline. Look at the lists and diagrams you generated to help you find the evidence for your comparisons and contrasts. If you are having trouble finding evidence to support your argument, go back to your original texts and try the brainstorming process again.
It could be that your argument is evolving past where it started, which is good! You just need to go back and look for further evidence. For example, in a body paragraph about the quality of ingredients in frozen vs. It can also let you express your imagination. Pineapple and peanut butter pizza? Using your own ingredients lets you have fun with your food. Come up with a title. Depending on your audience and the situation, you may make a joke or a pun, ask a question, or provide a summary of your main point.
One of the most common mistakes student writers make is to not give themselves enough time to take a step back from their essays for a day or two. Start early so that you can let your finished draft sit for a day, or at least a few hours. Then, come back to it with fresh eyes. Reading your essay aloud can also help you find problem spots.
Look out for any grammatical errors, confusing phrasing, and repetitive ideas. Look for a balance in your paper: Here are some things to consider before you turn in your paper: Don't use overly negative or defamatory language to show why a subject is unfavorable; use solid evidence to prove your points instead.
Avoid first-person pronouns unless told otherwise. Spelling and punctuation errors happen to everyone, but not catching them can make you seem lazy. Write a body paragraph for a point-by-point compare and contrast essay. Here is a sample paragraph for a body paragraph that uses point-by-point comparison: At the beach, one can enjoy the water by swimming, surfing, or even building a sandcastle with a moat that will fill with water.
When one is in the woods, one may be able to go fishing or swimming in a nearby lake, or one may not be near water at all.
At the beach, one can keep one's kids entertained by burying them in sand or kicking around a soccer ball; if one is in the woods, one can entertain one's kids by showing them different plans or animals. Both the beach and the woods offer a variety of activities for adults and kids alike. Write a body paragraph for a subject-by-subject compare and contrast essay. Here is a sample paragraph for a body paragraph that uses subject-by-subject comparison: If a person goes to the beach during the right day or time of year, he or she can enjoy warm, yet refreshing water, a cool breeze, and a relatively hot climate.
At the beach, one can go swimming, sunbathe, or build sandcastles. There are also great facilities at the beach, such as a changing room, umbrellas, and conveniently-located restaurants and changing facilities. The climate, activities, and facilities are important points to consider when deciding between the beach and the woods.
Start out by naming both of the things you are comparing. For example, with apples and oranges, start out by saying, "Apples and oranges have many differences. Not Helpful 10 Helpful To conclude an essay, you might summarize your argument.
Then you'll want to show your reader why your paper is significant and finally, leave them with something new to think about. Not Helpful 22 Helpful Start with a hook to draw your reader into the essay.
Introduce your topic with a few sentences that explain what you'll be writing about and end with a sentence that helps you transition into the first body paragraph. Not Helpful 4 Helpful Some connectors could start with, "Although," "Even though," "While these are the differences Not Helpful 0 Helpful 4. You can read books, as books increase your comprehension skills and your vocabulary. The revised thesis may look like: Organize your paper by the block method. In the block method, each paragraph in the essay addresses one topic only from the pair of topics and looks at the shared traits or aspects you came up with during your brainstorm.
The organization for this method is as follows: Introduce the general topic, then introduce the two specific topics. End with your thesis, which addresses what is going to be covered in the essay. Begins with the topic sentence for topic 1. Lifestyle, with at least two details.
For example, how cats do not have to watched during the day, and are easier to get care if the owner travels or is often not home. Leads into Aspect 2: Cost, with at least two details. Leads into Aspect 3: Living accommodations, with at least two details. For example, how cats do not take up a lot of space and they are less intrusive as they do not require daily walks or constant play. End the paragraph with a transition sentence. Body paragraph 2 will follow the same structure, with three Aspects and two supporting details for each aspect.
Body paragraph 3 can follow the same structure as Body paragraph 2 and 3. Or it can be a paragraph that develops the comparison made in the previous two paragraphs. You can use scientific data, crowd sourced feedback, or a personal experience. For example, you may have been in a position where you had to compare and contrast adopting a dog or a cat and made your decision based on your lifestyle, finances, and living situation. This could serve as a personal experience to back up your previous arguments.
Contains a summary of your main points, a restating of your thesis, an evaluation of your analysis and any future developments that may sway your compare and contrast to one topic over the other. Use a point by point structure. In the point by point method, each paragraph contains the arguments for only one aspect of both topics.
End with your thesis, which addresses what is going to covered in the essay. Begins with topic sentence for Aspect 1. Cats, with two details supporting cats in the argument. Leads into Topic 2, Aspect 1: Dogs, with two details contrasting dogs to the previous argument. Ends with a transition sentence. Body paragraph 2 will follow the same structure, with a discussion of Topic 1 and Topic 2 in relation to Aspect 2, for example: Body paragraph 3 will follow the same structure, with a discussion of Topic 1 and Topic 2 in relation to Aspect 3, for example: Be assertive and clear.
Avoid apologizing to your reader by saying you are not an expert on the two topics or your opinion does not matter. Instead, your reader should be able to perceive the purpose of your essay through the first two sentences in your beginning paragraph. Create a hook for your first sentence. A hook, or attention grabber, can help to engage your reader right away, especially if your topic is dry or complex.
Try to create a hook using these starting points: This could be a personal experience of when a cat proved to be a better pet than a dog, or a scientific study that shows the differences between cats and dogs. This could be from a source you used for your essay or one that feels relevant to your topic.
An anecdote is a very short story that carries moral or symbolic weight. Think of an anecdote that might be a poetic or powerful way to start your essay. You can also look through your research for your essay for any note worthy anecdotes.
A thought provoking question: Think of a question that will get your reader thinking and engaged in your topic. Revise your introduction once you complete the essay. Another technique is to write a temporary introduction, with your thesis statement, and then revise it or rewrite it once you finish your essay.
Writing or revising the introduction once you are done your essay will ensure the introduction matches the body of your essay. You want to give your reader enough information to get interested in your topic. Not Helpful 4 Helpful It depends on your topic. You could do something like, "Cats and Dogs: Which is the Better Pet?
If you are doing something like a book vs. Not Helpful 5 Helpful Write a sentence that contains the main claim you're making in your essay, and provide a warrant reason. Not Helpful 12 Helpful Not Helpful 12 Helpful 9. Think about each characters personality and state their most bold traits. Not Helpful 0 Helpful 0. How do I conclude a compare and contrast essay?
Answer this question Flag as Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Already answered Not a question Bad question Other. By using this service, some information may be shared with YouTube. Tips Ask a friend, advisor or classmate to read your introduction and thesis.
TU Toby Ulman Mar There is a lot of info here that I think all students, especially future journalists, can use. CD Clara Dennis Feb 18, DW Dangerous Women Feb 20,
How to Write Compare and Contrast Essay: Defining This Type of Paper This type of assignment is an academic paper, which depicts 2 or more similar yet different things by focusing on what they have in common and what makes them different.
A compare and contrast essay outline example such as comparing and contrasting two dogs, Molly and Morgan may sound something similar to this: “ Do opposite poles attract? Well, the principle of attraction states that they do.
Mar 05, · Before writing a comparative essay ask your teacher what exactly you should do. Some of them want you to describe only differences while other teachers want you to explain the similar thing between them. You can make this topic easier with the information about this kind of essay: A comparison essay considers differences and 5/5(94). A compare and contrast essay asks you to look at the similarities (compare) and differences (contrast) between two or more items or concepts. At first glance, this will not appear to be difficult. It may seem easy to look at Vladimir Putin and Kim Jong-un and notice the surface-level differences and similarities.