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All Quiet on the Western Front Critical Essays

Erich Maria Remarque

❶When Paul and his fellow soldiers go to see Kemmerich they discuss what is going to happen to his boots because they know that he is not going to live.

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Paul's real home because it is where he and the other victims of war grow and survive together. They all share one crucial fact, which is that they entered the war as innocent souls without war.

The Russian prisoners also reflect this notion of comradeship. As they slowly suffer, "they rarely speak and then only a few words. This conveys that Remarque is trying to show that the less you have, the more reliant you. For both the soldiers and the Russian prisoners, they lose so much of their.

Paul grows to see his enemies as real people who each have their own story, rather than. Since the soldiers are taught to kill large numbers at once, they brainwash. All Quiet on the Western Front Autor: Page 1 of 4. Barely out of school, these young men go through degradation of soldiers fighting in the trenches. They are transformed into primitive beasts, struggling for survival. Their battlefield actions make them question their humanity as they become more and more numb to the killings.

Even though the war has stolen their souls, it has also made the soldiers more human, because it taught them to bond like brothers, to be more sensitive towards others, and to appreciate the comforts in life. In attempts to keep their humanities intact, the victims of the war, whether they are fighting soldiers or confined prisoners of war, are forced to form strong bonds with one another.

For example, when Paul Baumer visits his mother and sister at home, he feels that "there is a distance, a veil between [them]" which is a result of the trauma that the soldiers share. The battlefield has transformed into Paul's real home because it is where he and the other victims of war grow and survive together.

They all share one crucial fact, which is that they entered the war as innocent souls without war experience, who are then turned into primitive beasts, struggling for survival. In Chapter 6, Paul and his men come across soldiers whose noses are cut off and eyes poked out with their own saw bayonets.

Their mouths and noses are stuffed with sawdust so they suffocate. This constant view of death causes the soldiers to fight back like insensible animals.

They use spades to cleave faces in two and jab bayonets into the backs of any enemy who is too slow to get away. Their callousness is contrasted with the reaction of the new recruits who sob, tremble, and give in to front-line madness described over and over again in scenes of the front.

Remarque vividly recounts the horror of constant death as Paul comes upon scenes of destruction. In Chapter 6, he sees a Frenchman who dies under German fire. The man's body collapses, hands suspended, and then his body drops away with only the stumps of arms and hands hanging in the wire and the rest of his body on the ground.

They later come upon a scene with dead bodies whose bellies are swollen like balloons. The gases in them make noises. The assault on the senses is overwhelming. They later pile the dead in a shell hole with "three layers so far. It is a "forest of the dead.

By the time Remarque reaches Chapter 11, he has described the soldier's life as one long, endless chain of the following:. Shells, gas clouds, and flotillas of tanks — shattering, corroding, death. Dysentery, influenza, typhus — scalding, choking death.

Trenches, hospitals, the common grave — there are no other possibilities. Throughout all the horrifying pictures of death and inhumanity, Remarque does scatter a redeeming quality: When Paul and his friends waylay Himmelstoss and beat on him, we laugh because he deserves it and they are only giving him his due. As time goes by, however, the pictures of camaraderie relieve the terrible descriptions of front line assaults and death, and they provide a bright light in a place of such terrible darkness.

A young recruit becomes gun-shy in his first battle when a rocket fires and explosions begin. He creeps over to Paul and buries his head in Paul's chest and arms, and Paul kindly, gently, tells him that he will get used to it Chapter 4. Perhaps the two most amazing scenes of humanity and caring can be found in the story of the goose roasting and the battle where his comrades' voices cause Paul to regain his nerve. In Chapter 5, Paul and Kat have captured a goose and are roasting it late at night.

Paul says, "We don't talk much, but I believe we have a more complete communion with one another than even lovers have. We are two men, two minute sparks of life; outside is the night and the circle of death. Over and over again, in scenes of battle and scenes of rest, we see the comradeship of this tiny group of men. Even though Paul counts their losses at various points, he always considers their close relationship and attempts to keep them together to help each other.

In Chapter 9, when Paul is alone in the trench, he loses his nerve and his direction and is afraid he will die.

Instead, he hears the voices of his friends: Through thick and thin, battle and rest, horror and hopelessness, these men hold each other up. Finally, Paul has only Kat and he loses even this friend and father-figure in Chapter Kat's death is so overwhelming and so final that we do not hear Paul's reaction; we only see him break down in the face of it.

There is such final irony in the medic's question about whether they are related. This man, this hero, this father, this life — has been closer to Paul than his own blood relatives and yet Paul must say, "No, we are not related.

Throughout his novel, Remarque uses nature in several ways. It revitalizes the soldiers after terrible hardships, reflects their sadness, and provides a contrast to the unnatural world of war. When Kemmerich, the first of Paul's classmates dies, Paul takes his identification tags and walks outside.

Nature also reflects the terrible sadness of the lost generation. In Chapter 4, Paul's company sustains heavy losses and a recruit is wounded so badly Paul and Kat consider killing him to end his suffering. The lorries and medics arrive too quickly, and they are forced to rethink their decision. Paul watches the rain fall and says: Throughout Remarque's book, we also see a strong affinity between nature and lost dreams and memories. When Paul is on sentry duty in Chapter 6, he remembers his childhood and thinks about the poplar avenue where such a long time ago they sat beneath the trees and put their feet in the stream.

Back then the water was fragrant, the wind melodious; these memories of nature cause a powerful calmness and awaken a remembrance of what was — but sadly, will never be again. Finally, butterflies play gracefully and settle on the teeth of a skull; birds fly through the air in a carefree pattern.

This is nature in the midst of death and destruction. While men kill each other and wonder why, the butterflies, birds, and breeze flutter though the killing fields and carry on as if mankind were quite insignificant. Even at the end when Paul knows there is so little time until the armistice, he reflects on the beauty of life and hopes that he can stay alive until the laws of nature once again prevail and the actions of men bring peace.

He describes the red poppies, meadows, beetles, grass, trees at twilight, and the stars. How can such beauty go on in the midst of such heartache? Remarque says that this novel "will try simply to tell of a generation of men who, even though they may have escaped shells, were destroyed by the war. Previous Erich Maria Remarque Biography. Removing book from your Reading List will also remove any bookmarked pages associated with this title.

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As they discuss the nature of war, Paul and his friends cannot understand why

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- All Quiet on the Western Front Erich Maria Remarque's All Quiet on the Western Front is one of the greatest war novels of all time. It is a story, not of Germans, but of men, who even though they may have escaped shells, were destroyed by the war.

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All Quiet on the Western Front literature essays are academic essays for citation. These papers were written primarily by students and provide critical analysis of All Quiet on the Western Front. World War I was a conflict fueled by territorial desires and nationalism. This very sentiment is.

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All Quiet on the Western Front Erich Maria Remarque's All Quiet on the Western Front, a novel set in World War I, centers around the changes wrought by the war on one young German soldier. During his time in the war, Remarque's protagonist, Paul Baumer, changes from a rather innocent Romantic. Essay about All Quiet on the Western Front by Erich Maria Remarque - All Quiet on the Western Front by Erich Maria Remarque "All Quiet on the Western Front" was written in a first person style. The story was told by Paul Baümer, a nineteen year old student, convinced to enlist with the German army by his schoolmaster, Kantorek.

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Erich Maria Remarque’s All Quiet on the Western Front is an abstruse proclamation against war, which focuses especially on destroying effects of war on soldiers’ humanity. Romantic ideals of warfare are under attack throughout Paul’s narration. All Quiet on the Western Front, by Erich Remarque tells what happens to a group of German teenagers during World War I. Paul Baumer is the protagonist in the novel who changes from an innocent, inexperienced young man to a hardened disillusioned soldier.