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The nerve cells cannot be replaced, the muscles affected no longer function and the outcome is life-long paralysis. This disease mainly affects children under three but older children can catch it too. Adult cases are rare. Main casual agent of polio is virus of three types i. All the three types cause paralysis and the disease is highly communicable. Transmission is primarily person-to-person via the faecaloral-route, i.

There is no cure to this disease. Eventually, the virus moves into the bloodstream where it can spread to the entire body. As is the case with many other infectious diseases, people who get polio tend to be some of the most vulnerable members of the population. This includes the very young, pregnant women, and those with immune systems that are substantially weakened by other medical conditions.

Anyone who has not been immunized against polio is especially susceptible to contracting the infection. However, other methods of limiting the spread of this potentially fatal disease include:. Be sure to receive a vaccination before traveling to an area that is prone to polio breakouts. Article last updated by Adam Felman on Mon 11 December All references are available in the References tab.

Characteristics and management of postpolio syndrome. Jama, 4 , The spatial dynamics of poliomyelitis in the United States: From epidemic emergence to vaccine-induced retreat, — [Abstract]. MNT is the registered trade mark of Healthline Media. Any medical information published on this website is not intended as a substitute for informed medical advice and you should not take any action before consulting with a healthcare professional.

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Register take the tour. Table of contents What is polio? Fast facts on polio Here are some key points about polio. Polio is caused by the poliovirus. The vast majority of polio infections present no symptoms. Polio has been eradicated in every country of the world except for Nigeria, Pakistan and Afghanistan. Pregnant women are more susceptible to polio. Around half of the people who have had polio go on to develop post-polio syndrome.

Jonas Salk, featured on this stamp, pioneered the polio vaccine. This content requires JavaScript to be enabled. Please use one of the following formats to cite this article in your essay, paper or report: If no author information is provided, the source is cited instead. For your convenience Manyessays provide you with custom writing service. All papers are written from scratch by only certified and experienced writers.

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What is polio?

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- Polio Virus Introduction The polio virus which causes poliomyelitis in humans is an enterovirus which belongs to the picornavirus (small, RNA) family. Polio virus is rapid, acid-resistant, stable, highly tissue specific and consists of a single-stranded, positive RNA.

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Polio (or poliomyelitis) is a disease that can cause lameness among children. It can cripple a child for life. According to WHO, one out of every cases, polio virus passes to the spinal cord where it can destroy the nerve cells which activate the muscles.

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Polio essaysBefore the development of the Salk and Sabin vaccines, polio was a serious infection that affected the central nervous system; however with proper vaccinations it can be eradicated in the United States today. There are different kinds of polio. They include spinal polio, non-paralytic. Free Essay: Poliomyelitis (shortened to polio) has been around for thousands of years, and there is still no cure, but at the peak of its devastation in the.