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Gymnastics Jargon Definitions


❶Triple Double — This term refers to a triple twisting double somersault skill. Adagio - A dance term that refers to a slow, sustained movement.

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Backbend - A gymnastic skill where the body bends backwards in an arch position and the feet and hands touch the floor simultaneously. Back-in, full-out - A double somersault with a full twist the complete twist is performed during the second somersault. Balance - Grounded and secure in position.

A skill needed for apparatuses like the balance beam or pommel horse. Also refers to a routine that evenly distributes acrobatic skills and dance movements. Balance beam - A long and narrow apparatus used by women in a routine designed to emphasize grace and balance. It is a solid piece of wood that is four feet high, four inches wide and 16 feet long. A balance bar routine includes a variety of acrobatic and dance skills that last for 70 to 90 seconds and ends with a dismount.

Ball-out - A front somersault on the trampoline that is performed by taking off after a bounce on the back. Bar - An apparatus used by both men and women in gymnastics. Men use the high bar and the parallel bars. Women use the uneven parallel bars. Also referred to as a rail. Barani - A forward somersault with a half twist performed in the layout position. Blind change - Performed on the high bar or uneven bars. The gymnast performs a back giant, does a half turn on top of the bar, and continues in a front giant.

Block - A term used to describe a rapid bounce or rebound off the floor or vault with the arms. Bonus points - Additional points awarded to a routine based on the combination of difficult skills. The bonus points are awarded if C, D and E level skills are sequenced together in a routine. Bridge - Another name for a backbend. Normally started by lying on the back, the hands and feet remain on the floor and the body is pushed up with the back arching and the stomach facing the ceiling.

Buck - A short gymnastics horse without pommels. It is often used to train a gymnast on the pommel horse. Also called a pommel buck. Cat leap - A gymnastic and ballet leap where the gymnast takes off on one leg then bends the front leg at the knee while the back leg turns out with the toe pointed.

It is also known as a Pas de Chat. The half turns are chained together as the head whips around to look at one spot continuously throughout the sequence of spins.

In layman terms referred to as a gallop. Choreography - A series of artistic elements, ballet movements and acrobatics that create a floor or balance beam routine. Clear hip circle - When the body moves in a circle around the bar without the hips touching. Code of points - The official rulebook for judging gymnastics skills.

These routines have elements and skills that gymnasts in a certain level of gymnastics should be able to perform and are determined by a governing body such as USA Gymnastics or International Federation of Gymnastics FIG. Also called an iron cross. Dismount - The exit from an apparatus at the end of a routine; usually performed with a difficult twist or somersault.

Dive roll - Describes a flying front somersault on the ground. The gymnast runs, leaps into the air and dives onto the floor in a handstand position and does a forward roll at the end.

Double back - Two back somersaults completed consecutively in the same skill movement. Double double - Two back somersaults with two twists. One of the harder gymnastics skills performed on the floor exercise and usually performed in the layout or open tuck position.

Double full - A single back somersault in the layout position with two twists. Elbow stand - A handstand performed on the forearms. Events - The routines done by men and women on the different apparatuses. There are four events for women: There are six events for men: Execution - How a routine is performed; the level of form and technique used to complete a routine.

A good execution might include tight legs, a good toe point, and a stuck landing. Extension - The height and stretch of the legs or arms that are raised during a dance movement. Flexibility - The ability of the body to stretch into various positions without pain or damage.

Flic-flac - Also see back handspring. A common gymnastic movement where a gymnast takes off from one or two feet, jumps backwards onto her hands and lands on her feet. Also known as a flip-flop or a back handspring. Flip - A tumbling element where the body does a somersault in the air without the hands touching the ground. Also called a somersault or salto. Floor exercise - A routine consisting of a variety of dance and acrobatic maneuvers and is performed on a 40 foot square spring floor.

Flyaway - A back somersault dismount from the uneven bars, horizontal bar, or parallel bars. It can be performed in either the tuck, pike or layout positions.

Front giant - A forward circle around the bars starting and ending in a handstand position. This is performed with the hands in a reverse grip. Front handspring - A forward tumbling skill that starts with a step or a hurdle.

The body then bounces onto the hands and rotates through a handstand before landing on the feet. Front hip circle - A forward movement around the bar with the hips resting on the bar and the body rotating around the bar. Front somersault - A forward flip performed in the air without hands. It can also refer to a forward somersault on the ground. The entire skill is performed in a continuous motion.

Full - A back somersault with one twist usually performed in the layout position. Full turn - A complete degree rotation usually performed on one foot. It is a required element for both the balance beam and the floor exercise.

The feet are normally turned out and are in first, second, third, fourth or fifth ballet position. Grips - Leather straps that gymnasts wear on their hands to help them maintain a firm and solid grasp of the bar.

Also known as hand guards. Handspring - see also flic-flac A hand touch somersault used on various apparatuses where the body springs from the feet onto the hands and lands back on the feet. It can be performed in either forward or backward direction; it is usually used to link movements of a routine together.

Handstand - A movement where the body is balanced on the hands and the feet are in the air, with the legs together or in a straddle or split position. It is usually seen when a gymnast is in a handstand position.

Head out - A position in a handstand where the head is out away from the body causing the back to arch. Not a favorable position in most events.

Healy - A gymnastics movement on the bars where a gymnast removes one arm while moving forward in a handstand and completes a full twist before re-grasping the bar with both hands. Hip circle - A circle around the bar in either the forward or backward motion where the hips are resting on the bar throughout the circle. Hollow - A term referring to the body position of the gymnast. The hips are pulled under, the butt is tucked in and the core of the body is scooped in rounding the chest forward.

Horse - Slang for the former vaulting apparatus for both men and women. Women would vault over it when it was sideways and men would vault over it length wise. In it was officially replaced with the vaulting table that both men and women use in competition. Hurdle - The step and skip that is used prior to a tumbling movement on the floor exercise. It is usually seen right before a gymnast performs a round off. Kolman - A release move performed on the bars where the gymnast leaves the bar, performs two back somersaults and one full twist over the bar and then re-catches the bar at the end.

It is named after Yugoslavian gymnast Alajz Kolman. Layout step out - A back somersault in the layout position where the legs are split in the air and the body lands on one leg followed by the other. It is normally performed on the balance beam as part of a tumbling series. Leg circle - A pommel horse movement where the legs are together in a straight position and the body circles around the pommel horse. The hands alternate lifting up and down from one pommel to the other as the legs pass.

This can also be performed on the floor, parallel bars and balance beam. Lunge - A position of the body where the legs are spread apart on the ground and the front leg is bent and the back leg is straight. The arms are generally above the head. Mixed grip - A term used to describe the grip of the hands on the uneven parallel bars and horizontal bar when one hand is in the forward grip position and the other hand is in the reverse hand grip position.

Mount - The entry onto apparatuses like the balance beam, parallel bars, uneven parallel bars, horizontal bars and pommel horse. It is also used to describe the first element in a gymnastics routine. Gymnasts spend many hours developing a routine that is suitable to the music as well as choosing a piece of music that will best fit the gymnast and her routine. Needle scale - An arabesque performed on the floor and balance beam where the body is lowered while the hands are touching the toes, floor or balance beam.

One leg remains planted on the floor or balance beam while the other leg is elevated up to the ceiling. Olympic order - The competition order for international competition, decided by FIG. The order for women: The order for men: The order for rhythmic gymnastics: Optionals - A category of gymnastics competition where the gymnasts and coaches create their own routines with individual skills and the required elements that are determined by the International Federation of Gymnastics FIG.

Optional gymnasts are ranked higher than compulsory gymnasts. Overshoot - A release move from the high bar to the low bar.

The gymnast starts on the high bar, swings up and over the low bar, does a half twist and catches the low bar. P-bars - Nickname for the parallel bars.

Peel - An involuntary release of the bar that generally results in a fall to the ground. This can happen on the uneven bars, p-bars or high bar.

Pike position - When the body is bent forward at the hips with the legs straight. Pirouettes - A ballet term that refers to the skill of turning the body on a longitudinal axis. It is either performed with one leg on the floor or while the body is in a handstand on the floor, balance beam or bars. The turns are generally measured by degrees of half turns. Pit - A training tool that consists of large pieces of soft foam that are used to cushion a landing.

It is used for almost every apparatus except the pommel horse. Pivot - A dance term that refers to a turn on the ball of the foot. The legs can either be bent deeply grande or slightly demi. Point - Refers to a gymnasts toes that are stretched from the ankle to the toes, creating a straight line with the floor.

A toe point is a very important element in gymnastics—judges expect to see pointed toes in almost all gymnastic movements. Pommel horse - The apparatus used by men that is similar to a vaulting horse, but has two sets of handles or pommels on either side of the horse 45 centimeters apart. It is generally cm high, 35cm wide and cm long. A pommel horse routine is performed by using circular body movements around the horse and adjusting the hands on and off the pommels.

Puck - A slang term that describes a gymnastics position that is in between a tuck and a pike position. It is not a position that is allowed in competition. Punch - A term that refers to bouncing off the floor, vault springboard, or balance beam instead of jumping. The legs are generally together and the reflexes are quick and strong. A common example is the punch front on the floor or balance beam: Translation of gymnastic for Spanish speakers.

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Glossary of Terms. Aerial. A stunt in which the gymnast turns completely over in the air without touching the apparatus with his or her hands. All-Around. A category of gymnastics that includes all of the events. The all-around champion of an event earns the highest total score from all events combined.

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This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable territorios-luchas.tkced material may be challenged and removed. This is a general glossary of the terms used in the sport of gymnastics.

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Definitions and descriptions of common gymnastics terms along with explanations of popular gymnastics skills, with links to where you can find more information. Gymnastics Jargon Definitions. Many terms are used in gymnastics that can be confusing to those not involved in the sport, or who have only been involved in the sport for a short time or even those involved in the sport from a different region.

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An Introduction to Gymnastics. Tumble into the basics of gymnastics with this guide to the different types, terms, and star athletes of the sport. Read the web's most complete dictionary of gymnastics terms written by an elite level gymnastics coach with over 30 years experience.