They also turn to essay mills to insure that all citations are correct. GPAs and grades are greatly stressed in schools which causes students to worry and make them feel like they cannot meet their deadlines. Essay mills have been compared to business situations. Certain students and customers view term paper mills as equivalent to companies outsourcing labor.
Outsourcing labor is a norm for businesses which insinuates that the use of term paper mills should be socially acceptable.
Conversely, there are people who view purchasing essays from essay mills as unethical: Academic institutions are concerned about how essay mills affect learning. Students who use essay mills do not go through the process of gathering research, which is a learning experience in itself. Some professors, such as Dan Ariely, a professor of psychology and behavioral economics at Duke University and the author of The Honest Truth About Dishonesty , worry about the message term paper mills send to students.
He believes the existence of essay mills validates slacking off. Ariely has come across essay mills use plagiarism-encouraging language on their websites. Many customers believe that when they are ordering an essay online , that they are going to be receiving one from their own country; however, this is not always the case, as many essay mill companies are hosted around the world.
Having essay mills set up overseas allows for the owners of these companies to make high profits by paying wages in low-wage countries while selling the work of their employees in high-wage countries.
Another article in The Chronicle of Higher Education from interviewed an American essay mill writer, who stated that he makes half of what the paper sells for.
Even in the US, the amount that writers get paid can vary. Universities and colleges have developed several strategies to combat this type of academic misconduct. Some professors require students to submit electronic versions of their term papers, so that the text of the essay can be compared by anti-plagiarism software such as Turnitin against databases of known "essay mill" term papers.
Other universities have enacted rules allowing professors to give students oral examinations on papers which a professor believes to be ghostwritten; if the student is unfamiliar with the content of an essay that he has submitted, or its sources, then the student can be charged with academic fraud, a violation of the rules by which a student agrees to be bound when he enters a university or college program. When a student is charged with academic fraud, his case is typically heard by a quasi-judicial administrative committee, which reviews the evidence.
For students who are found guilty, the punishments range from a grade of zero on the specific assignment, to failure in the course in which the plagiarism occurred, to in extreme or repeated cases suspension or expulsion from the institution.
In some cases, students who have committed academic fraud may also have academic honors, degrees, or awards revoked. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The Chronicle of Higher Education. Saksniit Archived March 4, , at the Wayback Machine. Implications for Student Affairs Administrators". College Student Affairs Journal. Retrieved May 15, Cheating on Papers is a Booming Web Business".
Gimpel goes on to say: Paper had traveled nearly halfway around the world, but no culture or civilization on its route had tried to mechanize its manufacture. Indeed, Muslim authors in general call any "paper manufactory" a wiraqah - not a "mill" tahun. Al-Hassan and Hill also use as evidence the statement by Robert Forbes in his multivolume Studies in Ancient Technology that "in the tenth century [AD] floating mills were found on the Tigris near Baghdad.
The most erudite authority on the topography of medieval Baghdad, George Makdisi, writes me that he has no recollection of such floating papermills or any papermills, which "I think I would have remembered. Donald Hill has found a reference in al-Biruni in the 11th century to stones "fixed to axles across running water, as in Samarkand with the pounding of flax for paper," a possible exception to the rule. Hill finds the notice "too brief to enable us to say with certainty" that this was a water-powered triphammer.
My recent conversations with Glick indicate that he now inclines to non-hydraulic Andalusi papermaking. Currently Oriol Valls i Subin't, director of the History of Paper department of the Museos Municipales de Historia in the Instituto Municipal de Historia at Barcelona, has popularized a version of that thesis, in which Christian paper mills multiplied marvelously along the Catalan rivers "from Tarragona to the Pyrenees" from to His many articles and two books, valuable for such topics as fiber analysis in medieval paper, continue to spread this untenable and indeed bizarre thesis.
As Josep Madurell i Marimon shows in detail, these were all in fact cloth fulling mills; textiles were then the basic mechanized industry of the Christian west. Fabriano's claim rests on two charters - a gift of August , and a sale of November , to the new Benedictine congregation of Silvestrine monks at Montefano. In each, a woman recluse-hermit gives to the monastery her enclosure or "prison" - Latin carcer ; misread by Fabriano partisans as a form of Italian cartiera or paper mill!
There is no papermaking in these documents, much less hydraulic mills. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the theater, see Paper Mill Playhouse. For academic papers, see Academic paper mill. Pulp mill and Paper machine.
Medieval Science, Technology, and Medicine: The writing styles were bland. Most of the subject information was available. However, when a person takes pride in their ability to write a cohesive paper, it is degrading to your own achievements to allow a lesser paper to substitute for your effort. I chose to stay up until 2am or 3am or later when necessary to write all my own papers. All while working full-time as a single parent. My degree is my achievement. Cheating does not teach you how much you can accomplish, just what you can get away with.
We Americans need to learn how much we can accomplish. This recession is proof that we are losing our ability to get away with less. Actually it looks like you can use perpetuate in that context, meaning to uphold, the hypernym of perpetuate.
Granted, the writer should have simplified it and used "uphold. It is too verbose and good writing is concise, but it's not incoherent. I guess semantically it might bother someone to use a verb like perpetuate with "credibility and moral obligation", but I don't honestly know any professor who would fail a paper over that. I'd have to see the rest of it but without that it looks biased.
The first sentence, though a little on the verbose side, could be simplified, but it is absolutely a coherent thought, and is a good opening sentence, actually. I don't see how it is not a coherent thought, and it seems a little disingeniune to suggest that it is lacking just because you want to dissuade people from buying their essays online.
Who cares if students are buying papers? All you do is have several "in class" writing assigments or tests in essay form early on in the semester. The teacher will get an idea of each student's writing ability This is how I conducted my discussion sections when I was a graduate student.
Cnn should stick to reporting news If people want to cheat themselves out of the learning process then let them do so. At some point, these particular individuals will pay the price for being inept and incompetent.
Anyone caught cheating should be thrown out of college and their transcript permanently marked. Its not fair to give these people a second chance. Colleges are full and they turn people away. So if you get caught you should go home. It is our educational system that propitiates the buying and selling of term papers and other forms of cheating.
If the system were working, such activities would not be needed. Learning should be fun, and every teacher or professor should strive for excellence in teaching. The students who get by after turning in fake papers are taking unfair advantage of the system. Those selling the papers are taking advantage of the weaknesses both academic and ethical of the students and the system. I am confident that many, or most of the morons on Wall Street who destroyed the credit of the United States bought term papers.
The answer is simple. National publishing of all 2 and 4 year college papers. Mandatory failing grades "mandated by congress" for those selling a paper, or buying a paper.
Those paper mills sell the same paper to more than one student, and then two students have some explaining to do. Google spiders could catch palgarists in a second. All a professor has to do is scan a paper into the database, and see if there is a hit. The US Government either loans directly, or guarantees the loans of most all students in college.
The FBI ought to use the same efforts to bust Paper-mills as they do to bust child porn sites. If this system and the internet had existed 40 years ago, a certain C student from Yale, might never have graduated, and we all would be spared a huge recession and a poorly planned double war. Do you want to go to get treated by a a medical doctor who bought a bio-chemistry paper?
Or buy a car designed by an engineer who bought an engineering paper? I think the article appropriately addressed the transition of the "American Glory" to overseas countries. America's pride comes from being free-thinking, educated, world leaders, and as revenue generators from innovative new industries.
Not only are we sending our jobs over to India, Budapest, China, etc. The internet is a medium by which young americans can now access produced knowledge e. The biggest factor in obtaining successful intelligence is learning how to learn, learning how to listen, learning how to write, and learning how to effectively speak. If college students at UCLA obtained this information unethically, what does that say for us? I can guarantee the problem is bigger with schools like the University of Phoenix, where nothing is monitored I speak from personal knowledge.
Are these people supposed to be our CEO's and managers someday? Kind of scary don't you think? I am in the staffing industry and outsourcing is a tyrant on the American people. If you're not effected by it, you probably care very little but if Americans aren't employed, there won't be any consumers to bring the economy back.
The article was appropriate and much more important than some seem to think. I am astounded at the number of grammar and spelling errors in these comments from people who apparently think they are intelligent enough to post an opinion.
The concept embodied in the acronym KISS is always close to the truth: Experienced university instructors can often recognize that somebody has appropriated the intellectual property of another because the writing style is markedly different. That is especially so with content written by somebody from a society where English is not the first language.
At that point turnitin. It's at that point I start to see red. From the errors in grammar, sentences, syntax, spelling, capitalization, etc. At least apparently the writers here didn't cheat, and it shows!
My husband just retired 2 yrs. Besides academic skills, critical thinking is totally lacking. Your employer won't accept that excuse, so why should we? And judgement comes into play every day in the medical field besides knowledge.
Most children come to school with enthusium. We do a magnificent job of destroying that. Ahh, where has Carol Costello been, tem-paper mills and the "dumbing down" of the standard in American education has been an oft discussed topic for years.
Many years ago, legal insurance documents had to be rewritten in the 'seventh grade' comprehensive language to be comprehended by the average reader. Something to think about. The guidance of children is more important in sports than in education. An example, I attend a private college. Students who are on sports scholarship have priority in registration and tuition which is none , they, also, have special study hall hours, and tutors are available So, it seems that having an athletic department to be noticed rather than scholastic achievement seems the easier way out, so to speak.
Parents and Leaders-to respond to this comment in an insensitive way or even an argumentative manner reflects my very point. I have traveled to 48 U. The attitudes and willingness to learn, be corrected and change has reflected in the communities it thrives based on education rather then pride. For example, the language of the South-the teachers given up correcting the Southern accent because of the pride and the whining complaints of the students. Rather than the parents correcting and working with the children, the parents lose their authority over the children and accept the misguided compliant of the child and complain to the teacher that the work is too much.
Look closer in your schools-private or public-and see the path and the uneven vision that the students are heading. To the courageous Parents and Strong Leaders continue to progress and be corrected Again, Parents and Leaders-to respond to this comment in an insensitive way or even an argumentative manner reflects my very point.
Lastly, I would like to inform the doubtful readers that I had written this in third grade language for easier comprehension including mispellings and syntax. Every single rant on here confirms the gist of the story. Americans across the board are failing in grammar, punctuation, argument, and logic. No wonder nothing gets done. Whatever the problem with American education may turn out to be, this series of comments reveals at least one major concern: Americans cannot spell or use grammar correctly.
Not all online tools are bad. Some tools that actually help students learn from their writing mistakes. This enforces the notion that content should always be original created by students , but help with making their papers grammatically accurate and more powerful is available. I am a professor at a U. I try my best to give writing assignments that are course-specific and not amenable to stock productions. One example — "no papers on the death penalty" I always say in my undergraduate criminology and law classes.
We home schooled our boys. They are bright, funny, curious, articulate. They can do long division, they can spell, they can think. And your evidence for this "fact" is what, exactly?
And if we're presenting duelling accounts of anecdotal evidence here, guess what: I attended public K schools, and I can do long division, spell, and think, and I'm pretty articulate.
And unlike you, I'm able to distinguish between a conclusory argument and a well-reasoned one. I respectfully submit that this doesn't mean that US students cheat more than their foreign counterparts, but rather that the US educational system places much more value on "soft" skills, such as the ability to speak, write, and reason well, than do the vast majority of countries with more "algorithmic" educational systems.
The latter group of countries generally assigns far fewer term papers to undergraduates and is instead more likely to rely on other assignments, such as end-of-term exams. This policy will depress demand for plagarized papers. Some quasi-anecdotal evidence in support of this proposition: The vast majority of non-US participants had never been asked to show their work or reasoning in undergraduate math classes - only the final answer. By contrast, the US students had always been told to show their work in math classes.
Similarly, in qualitative courses such as organizational behavior, the US students often had far superior writing skills to non-US students. Some of this, no doubt, was due to language difficulties, but some was not. Many foreign education systems simply don't put much emphasis on creativity, persuasive writing skills, soliciting student ideas, and so forth - and they don't assign as many term papers.
Yes, I also think this basic difference in philosophy is a big reason why you often find US students lagging somewhat behind non-US students on standardized tests, but the US continually outperforms on softer metrics like establishing companies.
To cite another example, in US law schools, most grading, especially in the first year, is done entirely on the basis of end-of-term examinations. There's very little in the way of writing requirements.
I don't doubt that CNN's Asian "expert" would find fewer orders for plagarized papers from law students than from undergraduates or students in disciplines where more papers are required.
But it would be hasty to conclude, merely on that evidence, that law students are more ethical than their counterparts elsewhere. Why do colleges make students write papers that the professors don't read? After three or four papers like this, I stop trying and start "throwing up" details that the TAs are looking for on the papers.
Why should a student write an essay or paper on a topic that they do not care about? I love reading science fiction but, writing a paper about the symbolism in War and Peace is something I rather not do.
Come to think about it, why do students need to know how to analyze literature academically? I do not think most people will ever do it again after college. Until writing becomes meaningful and important to the student, this cheating is going to keep happening and students' real writing will become worse. Besides if the professor never really reads it and I will not be writing like this again, does it matter if I write it in the first place? This is getting out of hand.
I have a friend who outsourced his essays for entrance into business school to one of these online essay companies. And to top it off, one of the essays was on "Ethics!!!! At random and some selected instances have the student defend her term paper in front of the class.
Watch for the choice of words in the term paper and what she would utter. If her choice of words is like that of a professor from Oxford and how she speaks is Ghetto or Hillbilly then she has a problem! It may be old news, but it's still relevant. The problem is probably just getting worse every day. This is why we have so many morons out there. They are too lazy to actually study and learn how to write an intelligent essay with some independent thought.
It's just easier to pay someone else for their brains. I hope these people aren't the ones out there complaining that they can't land a job.
But I guess we all know the answer to that one. Incidentally, that comment posted by Stanley: When I taught poli sci for one year in university, , students would filch from true authorities on the subject. I am a high school social studies teacher. I teach US History. I do an excellent job of teaching the story of a "free country" that has never had any integrity from its very inception with the signing of a constitution that included the continuation of chattel slavery to the ongoing denial of civil rights and equal protection under the law for all of its citizens.
Why should our children value knowledge and wisdom for its own sake? You wonder why this society is grumbling and crumbling? This is a society that has never known balance on any level. The scales of justice require balance. This society has never been capable of dispensing justice. And now, we dare to require that our children demonstrate a level of integrity they have never seen or even heard about.
They are "products" of their environment. The issue with such papers is very simple—if one cannot prove that a substantial amount of a paper was taken verbatim from a website, administrators will not punish it.
Second—that's how they wrote their own papers. I cannot count the number of times that an administrator most of them with education or business degrees told me that a "plagiarized" paper was a genuine effort on the part of the student to abide by scholarly writing standards that I was not clearly explaining.
It is the standards, so they tell us, that are wrong. Now, why would they say that if they didn't do the same thing themselves? Sadly, a brief look through the writing of such people and, yes, this has been done shows that they do plagiarize—and they plagiarize liberally. The only way in the present climate in which administrators do all they can to keep students enrolled in the university so as to keep getting revenue to combat the purchase of papers from overseas, plagiarized papers created from a collage of sources, etc.
It really isn't that hard—one just has to be really hard-nosed about basic stuff and not give an inch. I am a college prof. I think the only solution for colleges is to have potential students write an essay well supervised in the presence of a college administrator. You could have or more all writing at once, in a silent hall, desks 6 feet apart. Why make good grades in high school? To go to a good college.
Why make good grades in college? To get a good degree. Why get a good degree? To get a good job. Why get a good job? To make lots of money. Why make lots of money? To live the American 'dream'. Academia's emphasis has been on learning, but culture's emphasis has always been about 'getting'. Until that changes, students are highly motivated and rewarded to cheat.
I have read all your comments and agree with them. The American Education System desperately needs to be reformed. After years of teaching from Elementary to College level, I no longer have a job because I refused to give grades demanded by the Hispanic students and Administrators in the Miami School System, especially Miami-Dade College MDC and Florida International University FIU , where degrees are given to foreign students with the professors having other students do their academic work and submitted as their work.
These foreign students [from all Latin countries, India, Pakistan, Brazil, etc] are given tuition waivers, a stipend, and more opportunities to conduct studies, but the American students are left out in the cold with student loans to pay back for the rest of their lives. The foreign students gets every opportunity for a bogus education [because the professors at FIU do not have an idea of what they are teaching], learns nothing, but takes a degree from FIU, go back to their country and live life as a prominent and proud citizen who used the US School system.
The students do not want to work for their grades, but demands it and when not given, they go in droves to the uneducated administrators who puts the burden on the teachers, and disposes of them, especially if you are English-speaking only. As a current graduate student, I find this issue to be less about the dumbing down of America and more about the excessive workload required by most academic institutions.
There are literally not enough hours in the day to complete all the work that we are given, so some of us choose to buy a portion of our work online. Although I have never taken advantage of these websites, I can certainly understand the appeal. I am a college professor, and every semester I catch at least one student blatantly cheating—usually plagiarism. Often the student is quite an accomplished cheater, and obviously do it frequently. I make it very clear at throughout the semester that anyone suspected of cheating with fail the exam or paper, and perhaps the class.
Sometimes the student who has been caught, will refer to the pressure of maintaining good grades.
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