Remember that rolling waves are good, flatness is boring, and choppiness is jarring. Flow can be altered by adding, removing, lengthening, shortening, combining, or splitting sentences. If you don't see the peaks and valleys in the graphs, try tilting your head to the right. Click each type of meter for more specific explanations. Pieces with good flow will make use of all four sentence types, varying them to keep the reader interested.
Sentence length is indirectly related to sentence type, and is a good indicator of flow. Long sentences will be indicated by a red line on the graph. Sentences that flow poorly with their surroundings will be orange, and the source of the problem can often be found in a nearby sentence. Word length is a minor contributor to overall flow, but even minor variations are signs of good rhythm. This tab shows repeated words and phrases plus a wealth of other statistics.
This is a measure of how frequently the passive voice is used. Consider revising your document if it scores over This is a measure of how frequently prepositional phrases are used. This is an estimate of the minimum grade level required to understand the text. For more comfortable reading and better comprehension, aim three to five grade levels below the target audience's expected level of education. Popular novels aimed at American adults tend to be written in the 7th to 9th grade range, which mirrors the reading capability of the average American adult.
Sentence length is a major contributor to the level of education required to read a body of text. This is a measure of the amount of variation in the length of a text's sentences. You can increase this number by making long sentences longer, and short ones shorter. This is a measure of the sentence variety, and a major contributor to flow. Most novels score between 0. Enter a word or phrase, and hit enter to see a list of associated words. Resubmit to see configuration changes take effect.
Just the stats preset. Use this preset when you're only interested in the stats tab. Critique and Flow will be hidden. This preset checks for common indicators of deception, either by lying or omission, and is based on the findings of this study. Areas with high concentrations of these indicators should be viewed with skepticism.
Note that the presence or absence of these indicators does not guarantee that a statement is true or false, and that the study was done on spoken communications, so it might be more applicable to interviews and speeches. As always, use your brain. This will check for the internet's most frequently confused words and notify you if it looks like you misused one. It is experimental and probably the least reliable feature. Consult a dictionary when necessary.
Reusing linking verbs can make a sentence sound repetitive and boring. Keeping this to a minimum will pep your sentences up. It is considered poor style to place coordinating conjunctions at either end of a sentence. Placing a subordinating conjunction at the end of a sentence is against the rules.
Using more than three prepositional phrases in a sentence can make it cumbersome. Transitions connect ideas, and help the reader progress. Many people believe that prepositions don't belong at the end of a sentence, though Grammar Girl disagrees. Hidden verbs are wordy substitutes for verbs. They are usually considered poor form. A transitive verb is preceded by an auxilliary verb such as "be" or "get. Words like "very" and "really" make sentences wordier and weaken your message.
These can be deleted in almost all cases without affecting the meaning of the sentence. Abstract words lack specificity and overusing them can make even simple concepts difficult to understand. There are times when abstract words are desirable or even necessary; it would be difficult to write about math or programming without mentioning variables or functions, but you should use more specific terms whenever possible.
These phrases make your writing more difficult to understand. In most cases, they can be replaced with one or two words, or even deleted. These antiquated, arcane words and phrases will make your writing look like a contract. They aren't bad in small quantities, but consider revising your document if more than 5. Adverbs ending in "-ly" are considered the worst offenders. They aren't bad in small quantities. A few of the words on this list can also function as other parts of speech.
You have been warned. Slang can add character to fiction, but should be avoided in formal writing Example: The boxer decked his opponent. These over-used, informal phrases should be avoided like the plague under most circumstances. The critic's scathing review hit the nail on the head. Similes and metaphors should be used sparingly. This option will detect most common types of similes.
Some people think that these substitutes for "said" are weak or obnoxious, especially if overused. Using any form of "be" before an adjective weakens the description. Try rewriting the sentence without the unnecessary verb. This will give it a more lively feel, which improves the flow of the surrounding paragraph. Her dress was long , and it touched the floor. Her long dress touched the floor.
Split infinitives are usually considered poor form. Avoid using gender-specific pronouns in formal writing when the subject's gender is unknown. Like abstract words, weasel words and phrases lack specificity.
At best, they convey uncertainty. At worst, they can be used to "weasel out" of telling the truth in a straightforward manner. When checking a document that is speculative by nature, you might want to disable this detector. According to this study , high concentrations of third person pronouns may indicate deception. Function words carry little meaning, but serve as glue for sentences. We recommend that you use this detector by itself, since function words are so common.
For the sake of convenience, we've created a special preset for this. Filter words are verbs that can distance the reader from the action by removing the sense of immediacy.
Consider rephrasing sentences that contain them. An independent clause is a group of words that contains a noun and a verb, and could stand alone as a sentence. Every sentence has at least one, and any additional ones must begin with a comma or semicolon.
If this app detects an overabundance of complex sentences, it probably means that they are missing punctuation. Hot peppers burn my mouth, but I eat them anyway. A dependent clause is a group of three or more words that contains a noun and a verb, but can't form a sentence. They will usually be preceded by a subordinating word. Since burritos taste good , I like to eat them. A sentence must have at least one noun and one verb. Anything that does not is a fragment, and if it occurs outside of dialog, it should probably be rewritten.
In addition, our experts can help you free up time and energy by formatting your citations and references according to the style guide of your choice. You can't always rely on a favor from a colleague to ensure a thorough read-through. Let us help you. Our experts have the skills to handle any document, including yours.
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