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The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes

by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle

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While Poe is best known for his horror thrillers, being the creator of that particular…. This introduction provides reasoning to prove that this is true through the explanation of her strong characters, her interesting settings, and her strong display of morality. The writer does a good job in avoiding…. For many of years, Sherlock Holmes has made many books, Movies, even comics and has been played by different actors, including Christopher….

Sherlock Holmes and the Doctor share qualities such as higher intelligence, isolation from society, and hyperactivity that shape them into the only ones capable of providing justice for the threatened. The two fit the detective archetype quite well and whether explicit or not, the archetype is prevalent in their stories as well as others.

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Sherlock Holmes Essay Examples. Doyle also uses names such as Mrs. Helen Stoner for the innocent characters which sound much more usual for a persons name and therefore make the person sound much nicer. These two authors make their stories different by each using different characteristics of their murders and detectives, however the structures of both stories are the same as both authors establish their mortality and they both want their characters to get away with it.

The case goes unsolved as the senseless detectives eat the evidence which is ironical and unconventional. Accessed September 15, We will write a custom essay sample on Sherlock Holmes specifically for you. Leave your email and we will send you an example after 24 hours If you contact us after hours, we'll get back to you in 24 hours or less. Their residence is maintained by their landlady, Mrs.

Most of the stories are frame narratives , written from Watson's point of view as summaries of the detective's most interesting cases. Holmes frequently calls Watson's writing sensational and populist, suggesting that it fails to accurately and objectively report the "science" of his craft:.

Detection is, or ought to be, an exact science and should be treated in the same cold and unemotional manner. You have attempted to tinge it ["A Study in Scarlet"] with romanticism, which produces much the same effect as if you worked a love-story Some facts should be suppressed, or, at least, a just sense of proportion should be observed in treating them.

The only point in the case which deserved mention was the curious analytical reasoning from effects to causes, by which I succeeded in unravelling it. Nevertheless, Holmes's friendship with Watson is his most significant relationship.

When Watson is injured by a bullet, although the wound turns out to be "quite superficial", Watson is moved by Holmes's reaction:.

It was worth a wound; it was worth many wounds; to know the depth of loyalty and love which lay behind that cold mask. The clear, hard eyes were dimmed for a moment, and the firm lips were shaking. For the one and only time I caught a glimpse of a great heart as well as of a great brain. All my years of humble but single-minded service culminated in that moment of revelation.

Holmes clients vary from the most powerful monarchs and governments of Europe, to wealthy aristocrats and industrialists , to impoverished pawnbrokers and governesses. He is known only in select profession circles at the beginning of the first story, but is already collaborating with Scotland Yard.

However, his continued work and the publication of Watson's stories raises Holmes' profile, and he rapidly becomes well known as a detective; so many clients ask for his help instead of or in addition to that of the police [23] that, Watson writes, by Holmes has "an immense practice". The first set of Holmes stories was published between and Wishing to devote more time to his historical novels, Conan Doyle killed off Holmes in a final battle with the criminal mastermind Professor James Moriarty in "The Final Problem" published , but set in Legend has it that Londoners were so distraught upon hearing the news of Holmes' death that they wore black armbands in mourning.

However, there is no known contemporary source for this; the earliest known reference to such events comes from After resisting public pressure for eight years, Conan Doyle wrote The Hound of the Baskervilles serialised in —02, with an implicit setting before Holmes's death. In , Conan Doyle wrote "The Adventure of the Empty House", set in ; Holmes reappears, explaining to a stunned Watson that he had faked his death to fool his enemies.

Holmes aficionados refer to the period from to —between his disappearance and presumed death in "The Final Problem" and his reappearance in "The Adventure of the Empty House"—as the Great Hiatus. In "His Last Bow", Holmes has retired to a small farm on the Sussex Downs and taken up beekeeping as his primary occupation. The move is not dated precisely, but can be presumed to predate since it is referred to retrospectively in "The Second Stain", first published that year.

The story features Holmes and Watson coming out of retirement to aid the war effort. Only one other adventure, " The Adventure of the Lion's Mane ", takes place during the detective's retirement. Watson describes Holmes as " bohemian " in his habits and lifestyle. Described by Watson in The Hound of the Baskervilles as having a "cat-like" love of personal cleanliness, Holmes is an eccentric with no regard for contemporary standards of tidiness or good order.

In many of the stories, Holmes dives into an apparent mess to find a relevant item. Although in his methods of thought he was the neatest and most methodical of mankind He had a horror of destroying documents Thus month after month his papers accumulated, until every corner of the room was stacked with bundles of manuscript which were on no account to be burned, and which could not be put away save by their owner. The detective starves himself at times of intense intellectual activity, such as during " The Adventure of the Norwood Builder "—wherein, according to Watson:.

While the detective is usually dispassionate and cold, during an investigation he is animated and excitable. He has a flair for showmanship, preparing elaborate traps to capture and expose a culprit often to impress observers. Holmes derives pleasure from baffling police inspectors with his deductions and has supreme confidence—bordering on arrogance—in his intellectual abilities.

While the detective does not actively seek fame and is usually content to let the police take public credit for his work, [37] he is pleased when his skills are recognised and responds to flattery.

Except for that of Watson, Holmes avoids casual company. In "The Adventure of the Gloria Scott " , he tells the doctor that during two years at college he made only one friend: I never mixed much with the men of my year".

The detective is similarly described in A Study in Scarlet. As shooting practice during a period of boredom, Holmes decorates the wall of his Baker Street lodgings with a "patriotic" VR Victoria Regina in "bullet-pocks" from his revolver. His enjoyment of vocal music, particularly Wagner , is evident in " The Adventure of the Red Circle ". Holmes occasionally uses addictive drugs, especially in the absence of stimulating cases. He uses cocaine , which he injects in a seven-percent solution with a syringe kept in a Morocco leather case.

Although Holmes also dabbles in morphine , he expresses strong disapproval when he visits an opium den ; both drugs were legal in 19th-century England. As a physician, Watson strongly disapproves of his friend's cocaine habit, describing it as the detective's "only vice", and concerned about its effect on Holmes's mental health and intellect. Watson and Holmes both use tobacco, smoking cigarettes, cigars, and pipe s. Although his chronicler does not consider Holmes's smoking a vice per se , Watson—a physician—occasionally criticises the detective for creating a "poisonous atmosphere" in their confined quarters.

The detective is known to charge clients for his expenses and claim any reward offered for a problem's solution, such as in " The Adventure of the Speckled Band ", "The Red-Headed League", and " The Adventure of the Beryl Coronet ".

In " The Problem of Thor Bridge ", the detective says, "My professional charges are upon a fixed scale. I do not vary them, save when I remit them altogether". In this context, a client is offering to double his fee, and it is implied that wealthy clients habitually pay Holmes more than his standard fee. Although when the stories begin Holmes needed Watson to share the rent for their residence, by the time of "The Final Problem", he says that his services to the government of France and "the royal family of Scandinavia" had left him with enough money to retire comfortably.

As Conan Doyle wrote to Joseph Bell, "Holmes is as inhuman as a Babbage 's calculating machine and just about as likely to fall in love". How can you build on such quicksand? Their most trivial actions may mean volumes Women are never to be entirely trusted—not the best of them". Watson says in " The Adventure of the Copper Beeches " that the detective inevitably "manifested no further interest in the client when once she had ceased to be the centre of one of his problems".

In " The Lion's Mane ", Holmes writes, "Women have seldom been an attraction to me, for my brain has always governed my heart," indicating that he has been attracted to women in some way on occasion, but has not been interested in pursuing relationships with them.

Ultimately, however, in " The Adventure of the Devil's Foot ", he claims outright that "I have never loved". At the end of The Sign of Four , Holmes states that "love is an emotional thing, and whatever is emotional is opposed to that true cold reason which I place above all things.

I should never marry myself, lest I bias my judgement. Despite his overall attitude, Holmes is adept at effortlessly putting his clients at ease, and Watson says that although the detective has an "aversion to women", he has "a peculiarly ingratiating way with [them]". Hudson is fond of Holmes because of his "remarkable gentleness and courtesy in his dealings with women.

He disliked and distrusted the sex, but he was always a chivalrous opponent". Although this is her only appearance, she is one of only a handful of people who ever bested him in a battle of wits, and the only woman.

For this reason, Adler is the frequent subject of pastiche writing. The beginning of the story describes the high regard in which Holmes holds her:. To Sherlock Holmes she is always the woman. I have seldom heard him mention her under any other name. In his eyes she eclipses and predominates the whole of her sex. It was not that he felt any emotion akin to love for Irene Adler As the story opens, the Prince is engaged to another.

Adler slips away before Holmes can succeed. Her memory is kept alive by the photograph of Adler that Holmes received for his part in the case, and he refers to her from time to time in subsequent stories. Shortly after meeting Holmes in the first story, A Study in Scarlet generally assumed to be , though the exact date is not given , Watson assesses the detective's abilities:.

Subsequent stories reveal that Watson's early assessment was incomplete in places and inaccurate in others, due to the passage of time if nothing else. Despite Holmes's supposed ignorance of politics, in "A Scandal in Bohemia" he immediately recognises the true identity of "Count von Kramm".

His speech is peppered with references to the Bible, Shakespeare , and Johann Wolfgang von Goethe , and the detective quotes a letter from Gustave Flaubert to George Sand in the original French. In "The Adventure of the Bruce-Partington Plans", Watson says that "Holmes lost himself in a monograph which he had undertaken upon the Polyphonic Motets of Lassus ", considered "the last word" on the subject. In A Study in Scarlet , Holmes claims to be unaware that the earth revolves around the sun since such information is irrelevant to his work; after hearing that fact from Watson, he says he will immediately try to forget it.

The detective believes that the mind has a finite capacity for information storage, and learning useless things reduces one's ability to learn useful things. The later stories move away from this notion: Holmes demonstrates a knowledge of psychology in "A Scandal in Bohemia", luring Irene Adler into betraying where she hid a photograph based on the premise that an unmarried woman will save her most valued possession from a fire. Another example is in " The Adventure of the Blue Carbuncle ", where Holmes obtains information from a salesman with a wager: I daresay that if I had put pounds down in front of him, that man would not have given me such complete information as was drawn from him by the idea that he was doing me on a wager".

Maria Konnikova points out in an interview with D. Grothe that Holmes practices what is now called mindfulness, concentrating on one thing at a time, and almost never "multitasks. Though the stories always refer to Holmes' intellectual detection methodology as " deduction ", he primarily relies on abduction: In "A Scandal in Bohemia", Holmes infers that Watson had gotten wet lately and had "a most clumsy and careless servant girl".

When Watson asks how Holmes knows this, the detective answers:. It is simplicity itself Obviously they have been caused by someone who has very carelessly scraped round the edges of the sole in order to remove crusted mud from it. Hence, you see, my double deduction that you had been out in vile weather, and that you had a particularly malignant boot-slitting specimen of the London slavey.

Watson compares Holmes to C. Auguste Dupin , Edgar Allan Poe's fictional detective, who employed a similar methodology. Alluding to an episode in " The Murders in the Rue Morgue ", where Dupin determines what his friend is thinking despite their having walked together in silence for a quarter of an hour, Holmes remarks: This methodology allows Holmes to learn a stranger's occupation and other details. He observes the dress and attitude of his clients and suspects, noting skin marks such as tattoos , contamination such as ink stains or clay on boots , emotional state, and physical condition in order to deduce their origins and recent history.

The style and state of wear of a person's clothes and personal items are also commonly relied on; in the stories Holmes is seen applying his method to walking sticks, [54] pipes, [55] hats, [56] and other objects. Holmes does employ deductive reasoning as well. The detective's guiding principle, as he says in The Sign of the Four and other stories, is: Despite Holmes' remarkable reasoning abilities, Conan Doyle still paints him as fallible in this regard this being a central theme of " The Adventure of the Yellow Face ".

Though Holmes is famed for his reasoning capabilities, his investigative technique relies heavily on the acquisition of hard evidence. Many of the techniques he employs in the stories were at the time in their infancy for example, Scotland Yard's fingerprint bureau opened in Because of the small scale of much of his evidence, the detective often uses a magnifying glass at the scene and an optical microscope at his Baker Street lodgings. He uses analytical chemistry for blood residue analysis and toxicology to detect poisons; Holmes's home chemistry laboratory is mentioned in "The Adventure of the Naval Treaty".

Ballistics feature in "The Adventure of the Empty House" when spent bullets are recovered and matched with a suspected murder weapon.

Holmes displays a strong aptitude for acting and disguise. In the latter story, Watson says, "The stage lost a fine actor Holmes and Watson carry often pistols with them—in Watson's case, his old service weapon probably a Mark III Adams revolver , issued to British troops during the s. As a gentleman, Holmes often carries a stick or cane.

He is described by Watson as an expert at singlestick and uses his cane twice as a weapon. The detective is described or demonstrated as possessing above-average physical strength. Roylott demonstrates his strength by bending a fire poker in half. Watson describes Holmes as laughing, "'if he had remained I might have shown him that my grip was not much more feeble than his own. Holmes is an adept bare-knuckle fighter; "The Adventure of the Gloria Scott " mentions that Holmes trained as a boxer.

In The Sign of the Four , he introduces himself to McMurdo, a prize fighter , as "the amateur who fought three rounds with you at Alison's rooms on the night of your benefit four years back. You might have aimed high if you had joined the fancy. The detective occasionally engages in hand-to-hand combat with his adversaries in "The Adventure of the Solitary Cyclist" and " The Adventure of the Naval Treaty ". Although Holmes is not the original fictional detective, his name has become synonymous with the role.

Sayers ' Lord Peter Wimsey became a successful character for a number of authors. The phrase "Elementary, my dear Watson" is never uttered by Holmes in the sixty stories written by Conan Doyle.

He often observes that his conclusions are "elementary", however, and occasionally calls Watson "my dear Watson". One of the nearest approximations of the phrase appears in "The Adventure of the Crooked Man" when Holmes explains a deduction: William Gillette is widely considered to have originated the phrase with the formulation, "Oh, this is elementary, my dear fellow", allegedly in his play Sherlock Holmes.

However, the script was revised numerous times over the course of some three decades of revivals and publications, and the phrase is present in some versions of the script, but not others. Wodehouse 's novel, Psmith in the City —10 , [65] and "Elementary, my dear Watson, elementary" in his novel Psmith, Journalist neither spoken by Holmes.

It also appears at the end of the film The Return of Sherlock Holmes , the first Holmes sound film. Conan Doyle's 56 short stories and four novels are known as the " canon " by Holmes aficionados. The Sherlockian game also known as the Holmesian game, the Great Game, or simply the Game attempts to resolve anomalies and clarify details about Holmes and Watson from the canon.

The Game, which treats Holmes and Watson as real people and Conan Doyle as Watson's literary agent , combines history with aspects of the stories to construct biographies and other scholarly analyses of these aspects. Ronald Knox is credited with inventing the Game.


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Sherlock Holmes Essay Sherlock Holmes stories are still popular, “The man with the twisted lip”,” The Speckled Band” and “The Six Napoleons” are three stories that show their popularity. They are popular because there is an element of competition between Sherlock Holmes and the reader.

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During Doyle's early Sherlock Holmes fame, he was invited to assist Scotland Yard with their enquiries into the Jack the Ripper murders. The invitation to Doyle was used to deflect public criticism of the police force with regard to their failure to solve the crimes.

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Essays for The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes essays are academic essays for citation. These papers were written primarily by students and provide critical analysis of The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. The Personality of Sherlock Holmes Essay Words 4 Pages The Personality of Sherlock Holmes Sherlock Holmes, a creation of Scottish Author and Physician Sir Author Conan Doyle, is a fictional detective famous for his prowess at using logic and astute observation to solve cases.