We usually think of stressors as being negative, such as an exhausting work schedule or a rocky relationship or death of someone close. However, anything that puts high demands on us or forces us to adjust can be stressful.
This includes positive events such as getting married, buying a house, going to college, or receiving a promotion. Also, to an extent, what causes stress depends on our perception of it. Something that is stressful to a person may be enjoyed by someone else. For example, a person may get stressed while going to office due to his anxiety that traffic will make him late, while another may find the trip relaxing and enjoy listening to music while he drives.
Stress can also be self-generated. It may occur due to children and family, being too busy, inability to accept uncertainty, pessimism, perfectionism, lack of assertiveness, unrealistic expectations, etc. The most dangerous thing about stress is that it can easily creep up on us, to the extent that we get used to it. We start to feel familiar, even normal, and it takes a heavy toll without even our noticing how much it is affecting us.
The signs and symptoms of stress overload can be almost anything. Stress affects the mind, body, and behavior in many ways, and everyone experiences stress differently. So, it is important to learn how to recognize when our stress levels are out of control. Some of the common warning signs and symptoms of stress are cognitive symptoms memory problems, inability to concentrate, poor judgment, constant worrying , emotional symptoms moodiness, irritability or short temper, inability to relax, sense of loneliness and isolation, depression or general unhappiness , physical symptoms aches and pains, diarrhea or constipation, nausea, dizziness, chest pain, loss of sex drive, frequent colds and behavioral symptoms eating more or less, sleeping too much or too little, isolating yourself from others, neglecting responsibilities, using alcohol or cigarettes to relax, nervous habits like nail biting.
The more signs and symptoms, the closer one may be to stress overload. However, the signs and symptoms of stress can also be caused by other psychological and medical problems. While unchecked stress is undeniably damaging, there are many things that one can do to reduce its impact and cope with symptoms. Managing stress is easy if one learns to handle his thoughts, emotions, schedule, environment, and the way he deal with problems.
Stress management involves changing the stressful situation when you can, changing your reaction when you cannot, taking care of yourself, and making time for rest and relaxation. Stress can be reduced and managed to healthy levels through regular mediation.
Relaxation techniques such as yoga, meditation, and deep breathing activate the body's relaxation response, a state of restfulness that is the opposite of the stress response. When practiced regularly, these activities lead to a reduction in our everyday stress levels and a boost in our feelings of joy and serenity. It is said to be positive when the situation offers an opportunity for one, to gain something.
It is often viewed as motivator, since in its absence the individual lacks the spirit necessary for peak performance. Distress is the term used to indicate negative stress. Almost any change in the environment- even a pleasant change such as a joyful trip- demands some coping, and a little stress is useful in helping us to adapt. What acts to produce distress varies from person to person, but some events seem to be stressors for every person.
Injury or infections of the body, dangers in environment, major changes or transitions in life which force us to cope in new ways. The physical, environmental and social causes of the stress state are termed stressors. Once induced by stressors the internal stress state can then lead to various responses. On the other hand, psychological responses such as anxiety, hopelessness, depression, irritability, and a general feeling of not being able to cope with the world, can result from the stress state.
Stress has a number of immediate effects. If the stressors are maintained, long-term behavioural, physiological, emotional and cognitive effects occur.
Example, a patient spends more money on treatment, may experience continued stress even after the cure of the disease, because repayment of debt cause stress for long time in him or a patient whose leg is amputated after accident may continue to worry about it.
On the other hand, many people have developed ways of coping with stressors, so that they are able to respond adaptively. Teaching people adaptive ways of handling stress, so as to promote the wellness cycle is an important part of the newly emerging field of behavioural medicine. Stress is not always harmful.
In fact, it is recognised that low levels of stress can even helps for better performance. For example, a student can prepare well for forthcoming examination only if he has some stress.
However, excess level of stress is undoubtedly harmful. Commonly appearing stress related bodily disorders are-peptic ulcers, hypertension, chronic fatigue, hormonal changes, increased heart rate, difficulty in breathing, numbness of limbs, heart disease and reduction in immunity, etc. All of these concerns can result in stress. Tackling such problems will not be easy, but there are measures that can be taken.
Governments and the media could play their part by ensuring that instead of persistently bombarding us with such negative images and information about the world in which we live, we are given more positive stories too.
However, given this is unlikely to happen, we need to develop our own strategies to distract us from these influences. Of course exercising regularly is one thing we should do as this has been shown to increase endorphin levels and lead to feelings of happiness.
Sleeping enough helps us to recuperate and restore our body. Finally, eating properly can improve our health and result in less worry about potential diseases. All in all, although there are many factors around us today which lead to stress, we can take steps to reduce it.
Given that the strains we face in modern society will likely get worse, ignoring it is not an option for many people. They are from the Academic and General Test. You can also post t…. Hello, It's been a long time. I noticed I wasn't good enough and I spent several weeks to enhance my writing.
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