Militarily, imperial Russia was no match for modern, industrialized Germany. Russian participation in the war was disastrous: Russian casualties were greater than those sustained by any other nation, and food and fuel shortages soon plagued the vast country. Lenin advocated for Russian defeat in World War I, arguing that it would hasten the political revolution he desired. Hoping that Lenin could further destabilize their foe, the Germans arranged for Lenin and other Russian revolutionaries living in exile in Europe to return to Russia.
They transported Lenin in a sealed truck like a plague bacillus. Strikes over food shortages in March had forced the abdication of the inept Czar Nicholas II , ending centuries of imperial rule. Russia came under the command of a Provisional Government, which opposed violent social reform and continued Russian involvement in World War I. Lenin began plotting an overthrow of the Provisional Government. By fall of , Russians had become even more war weary.
Peasants, workers, and soldiers demanded immediate change. Lenin, aware of the leadership vacuum plaguing Russia, decided to seize power. He secretly organized factory workers, peasants, soldiers and sailors into Red Guards — a volunteer paramilitary force. The Bolshevik Revolution plunged Russia into a three-year civil war. Under war communism, Lenin quickly nationalized all manufacturing and industry throughout Soviet Russia.
He requisitioned surplus grain from peasant farmers to feed his Red Army. These measures proved disastrous. Under the new state-owned economy, both industrial and agricultural output plummeted. An estimated five million Russians died of famine in , and living standards across Russia plunged into abject poverty. Mass unrest threatened the Soviet government.
As a result, Lenin instituted his New Economic Policy, a temporary retreat from the complete nationalization of War Communism. As the economy deteriorated during the Russian Civil War , Lenin used the Cheka to silence political opposition, both from his opponents and challengers within his own political party. But these measures did not go unchallenged: Fanya Kaplan, a member of a rival socialist party, shot Lenin in the shoulder and neck as he was leaving a Moscow factory in August , badly injuring him.
Lenin became the first head of the USSR, but by that time, his health was declining. Between and his death in , Lenin suffered a series of strokes which compromised his ability to speak, let alone govern. Lenin dictated a number of predictive essays about corruption of power in the Communist Party while he was recovering from a stroke in late and early By that time, Stalin already had come to power.
About a million people braved the cold Russian winter to stand in line for hours before paying their respects to Lenin, who was lying in state at the House of Trade Unions in Moscow.
Vladimir Lenin ; BBC. Secret Police; Library of Congress. We strive for accuracy and fairness. These are some reasons and examples why Vladimir Lenin was admired by his people as well as by other countries. However, Lenin did ignore some of the Machiavellian rules. What they did was take over the properties of landowners and handed it out to the proletariats.
Lenin also followed Communist ideology so profoundly that he ignored the human nature of the people which was another slip he committed. Lenin believed that the people would work for reasons besides their personal gains, however, they were proven wrong and the economic power of the country decreased which as a result caused the people to turn against the government.
Lenin afterwards saved the government from falling by forming a new policy which reinserted great proportions of private interest into the economy. In conclusion, Lenin was evidently for all one knows one of the most Machiavellian contemporary leaders. He was loved and feared at the same time by the ones he ruled, he trampled those whom hated and did not desire his new ways of government.
He gained great admiration from his people for being a great commander and leader. Home Essays Vladimir Lenin. Vladimir Lenin 1 January We will write a custom essay sample on. A limited time offer!
- Research Essay Vladimir Lenin officially took power of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republic in with the Communist Party. The USSR broke into a civil war in occurring between the Red Army, consisting of Bolsheviks, and the White Army.
Essay on Vladimir Lenin and the Bolshevik Party Vladimir Lenin devoted his life to leading a worker’s rebellion that would remove Tsar Nicholas II from power and spark a communist revolution. The events of , in February and October, led to a chain reaction that .
Vladimir Lenin Essay Words | 4 Pages Vladimir Lenin Vladimir Lenin was the Bolshevik leader. Later, he earned a license to study law on his own (“Vladimir Lenin”4). Lenin later returned to St. Petersburg and stayed interested in politics (Simkin 5). Lenin Became a lawyer assistant and during this time was very involved with the Revolutionary Propaganda. (“ Vladimir Lenin” 5).
Vladimir Ilich Lenin was this man, he became the first leader of one of the most Machiavellian governments ever in existence, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. Lenin represented the key principles of the Machiavellian idea. Vladimir Lenin Essay Examples. A Biography of Vladimir Ilyich Lenin, a Russian Leader. 1, words. 3 pages. A Brief Introduction to the Provisional Government During the Bolshevik's November Revolution. 1, words. An Essay on Vladimir Lenin and the Soviet Union. words. 2 pages. The Rise to Power of Vladimir Lenin in Russia.